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Habitat segregation and mosaic sympatry of the two species of manta ray in the Indian and Pacific Oceans: Manta alfredi and M. birostris

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 June 2011

Tom Kashiwagi*
Affiliation:
School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia Molecular Fisheries Laboratory, Queensland Government, PO BOX 6097, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Andrea D. Marshall
Affiliation:
Manta Ray & Whale Shark Research Center, Tofo Beach, Inhambane, Mozambique
Michael B. Bennett
Affiliation:
School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Jennifer R. Ovenden
Affiliation:
Molecular Fisheries Laboratory, Queensland Government, PO BOX 6097, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: T. Kashiwagi, Molecular, Fisheries Laboratory, Queensland Government, PO BOX 6097, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia email: tomkashiwagi@uq.edu.au
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Abstract

Habitat use of Manta alfredi and M. birostris was assessed at 20 localities in the Indian and Pacific Oceans based upon 3328 photographic observations. Geographical relationships of the two species were scored as either microallopatry, microparapatry or microsympatry at each locality. Our study revealed a mosaic habitat occupancy by the two species within their macrosympatric range.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2011

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Habitat segregation and mosaic sympatry of the two species of manta ray in the Indian and Pacific Oceans: Manta alfredi and M. birostris
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