Skip to main content
×
×
Home

A TAXONOMIC MONOGRAPH OF THE NEARCTIC GALERUCINE GENUS OPHRAELLA WILCOX (COLEOPTERA: CHRYSOMELIDAE)

  • Laurent LeSage
Abstract

The taxonomy of the Nearctic genus Ophraella Wilcox is revised. Data for all known immature stages are included. Ophraella integra (LeConte) is synonymized with O. notulata (Fabricius). Ophraella dilatipennis (Jacoby) is transferred to the genus Neolochmaea Laboissière.Thirteen species are recognized, of which 6 are new : O. arctica, californiana, communa, macrovittata, nuda, and pilosa. The distribution and host plants of species are as follows : O. americana, eastern North America, on Solidago spp.; O. pilosa, transcontinental along the Canadian border, on Aster, primarily A. macrophyllus; O. cribrata, coast to coast in the United States, on Solidago of the subgenus Virgaurea; O. conferta in northeastern states, on Solidago with preference for S. canadensis and S. rugosa; O. sexvittata in southeastern states, on Solidago spp.; O. notulata in eastern US and Gulf states to Mexico, on Iva oraria; O. notata in eastern portion of the United States, on Eupatorium perfoliatum; O. macrovittata in the Gulf states, host plant unknown; O. communa in North America and Mexico, on Ambrosia artemisiifolia; O. bilineata in the Canadian Prairies and the bordering states, on Chrysopsis villosa; O. californiana in California and Mexico, on Artemisia Douglasiana; O. nuda in Alberta, host plant unknown; and O. arctica in tundra zone, on Solidago multiradiata scopulorum.The life cycles of most species are still unknown but most species probably have only 1 generation per year. The eggs are laid in clusters on the under surface of young leaves. The larvae skeletonize young leaves and live exposed. Before pupation, the larva spins a loose cocoon and attaches it to a leaf tip. Pupation lasts 1–2 weeks. The newly hatched adults are active on host plants until the early fall, when they enter the leaf litter for overwintering.

L'auteur révise la taxonomie du genre néarctique Ophraella Wilcox et discute celle de tous les stades de développement connus. Ophraella integra (LeConte) devient synonyme de O. notulata (Fabricius). Ophraella dilatipennis (Jacoby) est transférée au genre Neolochmaea Laboissière.

L'auteur décrit 13 espèces dont 6 nouvelles : O. arctica, californiana, communa, macrovittata, nuda et pilosa. Les répartitions géographiques et les plantes-hôtes des espèces sont les suivantes : O. americana dans l'est de l'Amérique du Nord, sur Solidago spp.; O. pilosa d'un océan à l'autre, sur Aster, principalement A. macrophyllus; O. cribrata d'un océan à l'autre aux Etats-Unis, sur Solidago du sous-genre Virgaurea; O. conferta dans les états du nord-est, sur Solidago avec préférence pour S. canadensis et S. rugosa; O. sexvittata dans les états du sud-est, sur Solidago spp.; O. notulata dans les états du Golfe du Mexique, sur Iva oraria; O. notata dans la partie nord-est des Etats-Unis, sur Eupatorium perfoliatum; O. macrovittata dans les états du Golfe du Mexique, plante-hôte inconnue; O. communa en Amérique du Nord et au Mexique sur Ambrosia artemisiifolia; O. bilineata dans les Prairies canadiennes et les états avoisinants, sur Chrysopsis villosa; O. californiana en Californie et au Mexique, sur Artemisia Douglasiana; O. nuda en Alberta, plante-hôte inconnue; O. arctica dans la toundra boréale, sur Solidago multiradiata scopulorum.

Le cycle biologique de la plupart des espèces est encore inconnu, mais vraisemblablement la plupart d'entre elles n'ont qu'une génération par année. Les oeufs sont pondus en groupes sur la surface inférieure des feuilles. Les larves sont épigées et s'alimentent des parties tendres du bout des feuilles ne laissant que les nervures. Avant la nymphose, elles tissent un cocon lâche qu'elles attachent au bout des feuilles; la nymphose dure environ 1–2 semaines. Les adultes nouvellement éclos passent leur temps sur la plantes-hôtes jusqu'au début l'automne, moment où ils entrent en hibernation dans la litière.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Arnett, R.H. 1968. The beetles of the United States. The American Entomological Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 1112 pp.
Balsbaugh, E.U., and Hays, K.L.. 1972. The leaf beetles of Alabama (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Bull. Ala. agric. Exp. Stn 441: 1223.
Bechyné, T., and Bechyné, B.S.. 1969. Die Galerucidengattungen in Sudbrasilien. Iheringia 36: 1110.
Blackwelder, R.E. 1946. Checklist of the coleopterous insects of Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Part 4. Bull. U.S. natn. Mus. 185: 551763.
Blake, D.H. 1952. American Chrysomelidae in the Bosc collection. Proc. ent. Soc. Wash. 54: 5768.
Blatchley, W.S. 1910. An illustrated descriptive catalogue of the Coleoptera or beetles known to occur in Indiana. Nature Publ., Indianapolis. 1386 pp.
Blatchley, W.S. 1920. Notes on the winter coleoptera of westem and southem Florida, with descriptions of new species. Can. Ent. 52: 6872.
Böving, A.G. 1929. Beetle larvae of the subfamily Galerucinae. Proc. U.S. natn. Mus. 75: 148.
Brown, W.J. 1943. The Canadian species of Exema and Arthrochlamys (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Can. Ent. 75: 119131.
Brown, W.J. 1945. Food-plants and distribution of the species of Calligrapha in Canada with descriptions of new species (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Can. Ent. 17: 117133.
Brown, W.J. 1956. The New World species of Chrysomela L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Can. Ent. Suppl. 3: 154.
Brown, W.J. 1958. Sibling species in the Chrysomelidae. Proc. 10th int. Congr. Ent. 1956 (1958) 1: 103109.
Brown, W.J. 1959. Taxonomic problems with closely related species. A. Rev. Ent. 4: 7798.
Chagnon, C., and Robert, A., 1962. Principaux coléoptères de la province de Québec. Presses Univ. Montréal, Montréal. 440 pp.
Crotch, G.R. 1873. Materials fbr the study of the Phytophaga of the United States. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Phila. 25: 1983.
Dillon, E.S., and Dillon, L.S.. 1961. A manual of common beetles of Eastern North America. Row, Peterson & Co., New York. 884 pp.
Fabricius, I.C. 1801. Systema Eleutheratorum. Kilia. pp. 478500.
Fall, H.C. 1924. The blueberry leaf-beetle and some of its relatives. Bull. Me agric. Exp. Stn 319: 81141.
Geoffroy, E.L. 1762. Histoire abrégée des insectes qui se trouvent aux environs de Paris. Vol. 1. Paris.
Harris, P., and Piper, G.L.. 1973. Ragweed (Ambrosia spp: Compositae): its North American insects and the possibilities for its biological control. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Control Tech. Bull. 13: 117–40.
Horn, G.H. 1886. A review of the species described by Olivier in the “Entomologie”. Trans. Am. ent. Soc. 13: 135143.
Horn, G.H. 1893. The Galerucini of boreal America. Trans. Am. ent. Soc. 20: 57144.
Jacoby, M. 1886. Insecta. Coleoptera. Phytophaga. In Biologia Centrali-Americana 6(1): 409496.
Kirby, W. 1837. Fauna boreali americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British Americana. J. Fletcher, Norwich. pp. 210228.
Laboissière, V. 1939. Résultats scientifiques des croisières du navire-école Mercator, vol. II, pt. 13. Mém. Mus. r. Hist. nat. Belgique (2)15: 153158.
LeConte, J. L. 1865. On the species of Galeruca and allied genera inhabiting North America. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Phila. 17: 204222.
LeSage, L. 1984. Immature stages of Canadian Neochlamisus Karren (Coleoptera; Chrysomelidae). Can. Ent. 116: 383409.
Melsheimer, F.E. 1853. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of the United States. Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 170 pp.
Messina, F. J., and Root, R. B.. 1980. Associations between teaf beetles and meadow goldenrods (Solidago spp.) in central New York. Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 13: 641646.
Mutchlet, A.J., and Weiss, H.B.. 1926. Leaf-beetlesof the gents Galerucella known to inhabit New Jersey. Circ. New Jers. Dep. Agric. 98: 116.
Olivier, A.G. 1808. Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des insectes. Volume VI. Desray, Libraire, Paris. pp. 6141104.
Robertson, J.G. 1966. The chromosomes of bisexual and parthenogenetic species of Calligrapha (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) with notes on sex ratio, abundance and egg number. Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 8: 695732.
Seeno, T.N., and Wilcox, J.A.. 1982. Leaf beetle genera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomography 1: 1221.
Weise, J. 1924. Chrysomelidae: 13. Galerucinae. in Coleopterorum Catalogus, Pars 78. (Junk,) Berlin. 225 pp.
Welch, K.A. 1978. Biology of Ophraella notulata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 71: 134136.
White, R.E. 1979. A neotropical leaf beetle established in the United States (Chrysomelidae). Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 72: 269270.
Wilcox, J.A. 1954. Leaf beetles of Ohio (Chrysomelidae: Coleoptera) Bull. Ohio biol. Surv. 43: 353506.
Wilcox, J.A. 1965. A synopsis of North American Galerucinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Bull. N.Y. St. Mus. Sci. Serv. 400: 1226.
Wilcox, J.A. 1971. Coleopterorum Catalogus. Chrysomelidae; Galerucinae; Oidini, Galerucini, Metacyclini, Sermylini. Pars 78, fasc. 1. W. Junk, Hague. 220 pp.
Wilcox, J.A. 1974. Checklist of the Chrysomelidae of Canada United States Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. Family no. 104. Chrysomelidae. North American Beetle Fauna Project, Red Version, Biological Research Institute of America, New York. 166 pp.
Zimsen, E. 1964. The type material of I.J. Fabricius. Munksgaard, Copenhagen. 656 pp.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada
  • ISSN: 0071-075X
  • EISSN: 1920-3047
  • URL: /core/journals/memoirs-of-the-entomological-society-of-canada
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed