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Analysis of Natural Rutile (TiO2) by Laser-assisted Atom Probe Tomography

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2019

Rick Verberne
Affiliation:
John de Laeter Centre, Geoscience Atom Probe, Advanced Resource Characterisation Facility, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia Applied Geology, School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University—Perth City Campus, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
David W. Saxey
Affiliation:
John de Laeter Centre, Geoscience Atom Probe, Advanced Resource Characterisation Facility, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
Steven M. Reddy
Affiliation:
John de Laeter Centre, Geoscience Atom Probe, Advanced Resource Characterisation Facility, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia Applied Geology, School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University—Perth City Campus, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
William D. A. Rickard
Affiliation:
John de Laeter Centre, Geoscience Atom Probe, Advanced Resource Characterisation Facility, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
Denis Fougerouse
Affiliation:
John de Laeter Centre, Geoscience Atom Probe, Advanced Resource Characterisation Facility, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia Applied Geology, School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University—Perth City Campus, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
Chris Clark
Affiliation:
Applied Geology, School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University—Perth City Campus, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Since the introduction of laser-assisted atom probe, analysis of nonconductive materials by atom probe tomography (APT) has become more routine. To obtain high-quality data, a number of acquisition variables needs to be optimized for the material of interest, and for the specific question being addressed. Here, the rutile (TiO2) reference material ‘Windmill Hill Quartzite,’ used for secondary ion mass spectrometry U–Pb dating and laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, was analyzed by laser-assisted APT to constrain optimal running conditions. Changes in acquisition parameters such as laser energy and detection rate are evaluated in terms of their effect on background noise, ionization state, hit-multiplicity, and thermal tails. Higher laser energy results in the formation of more complex molecular ions and affects the ionization charge state. At lower energies, background noise and hit-multiplicity increase, but thermal tails shorten. There are also correlations between the acquisition voltage and several of these metrics, which remain to be fully understood. The results observed when varying the acquisition parameters will be discussed in detail in the context of utilizing APT analysis of rutile within geology.

Type
Materials Science: Non-Metals
Copyright
Copyright © Microscopy Society of America 2019 

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