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    Dyukov, V. G. Stebelkov, V. A. and Khoroshilov, V. V. 2014. Estimation of the oxidation state of uranium in microparticles by using scanning electron microscope in the backscattered electrons mode. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics, Vol. 78, Issue. 9, p. 846.

    Rackwitz, Vanessa Panne, Ulrich and Hodoroaba, Vasile-Dan 2012. Calculation of X-ray tube spectra by means of photon generation yields and a modified Kramers background for side-window X-ray tubes. X-Ray Spectrometry, Vol. 41, Issue. 4, p. 264.

    Karmanov, N. S. Kanakin, S. V. and Karmanova, N. G. 2009. Account of the background in wavelength dispersive X-ray electron probe microanalysis based on the simulation of bremsstrahlung X-radiation. Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 64, Issue. 4, p. 371.


Compositional Averaging of Continuum Intensities in Multielement Compounds

  • John J. Donovan (a1) and Nicholas E. Pingitore (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 27 November 2002

We find no physical basis for traditional mass-fraction weighted averaging of X-ray continuum measured in pure elements to estimate continuum production from compounds. Measurements of continuum from pairs of stable isotopes demonstrate that mass alone (the presence of more or fewer neutrons) has no effect on continuum production in electron probe microanalysis. Electron-fraction weighted averaging, which is based on the relative contribution of each constituent element to the electron (or proton) composition of a compound, proved superior to mass-fraction weighted averaging, in predicting the continuum of a compound from the measured continuum of its elements.

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Microscopy and Microanalysis
  • ISSN: 1431-9276
  • EISSN: 1435-8115
  • URL: /core/journals/microscopy-and-microanalysis
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