Abstract: A set of uranium compound particles relevant to contaminated soils and other environmental concerns surrounding uranium bioavailability were studied by electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). Core-loss EELS results suggest that uranium 4+ compounds have an energy loss resolvable from 6+ compounds. Shoulders on the uranium O4,5 edge further distinguish UO2 from UF4. Low-loss characteristics distinguish carbon-free uranium oxide specimens on holey substrates. In the presence of carbon, correction techniques must be applied. Uranium oxides, fluorides, and minerals show a tendency toward reduction of uranium toward 4+ under the beam. The electron dose required to achieve the transformation from 6+ to 4+ is more severe than that usually required to obtain satisfactory spectra, but the possibility for reduction should be considered. The conditions for low-loss analysis need not be as vigorous as those for core losses, and can be done without altering the valence of most oxides.