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Images of Leaf Stomata: Little Things that Matter

  • Douglas Clark (a1)

Abstract

Stomata (singular, “stoma”) are tiny pores through which plants breathe. Stomata are found on the upper and lower sides of leaves, on flower petals, on stems, and on roots. Scientists survey plant surfaces to determine the density and size of stomata and relate these findings to properties of the environment, such as temperature and the amounts of sunlight, humidity, oxygen, and carbon dioxide in the air when a leaf is formed. Stomata of various plants are suitable subjects for classroom laboratory activities since they may be examined by light microscopy.

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References

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[1]There is a useful review of stomata on Wikipedia.com under the heading “Stoma.”
[2]McElwain, JC and Chaloner, WG, Ann Bot–London 76(4) (1995) 389–95.
[3]Brodribb, TJ and McAdam, SAM, PLoS One 8(11) (2013) e82057.
[4]Lawson, T and Blatt, MR, “Stomatal Size, Speed, and Responsiveness Impact on Photosynthesis and Water Use Efficiency”, Plant Physiology, American Society of Plant Biologists, April 2014.
[5]Van Cotthem, WRJ, Bot J Linn Soc 63 (1970) 235–46.
[6]Fernandez, V and Eichert, T, Crit Rev Plant Sci 28 (2009) 3638.
[7]Gudesblat, GE et al. , Plant Signaling and Behavior 12 (2009) 1114–16.
[8]Martins, A, “Enigma of the trees that resist wildfires.” BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-34116491) September 2015.
[9]HeliconSoft Focus brand imaging software, www.heliconsoft.com.
[10]Eisele, JF et al. , PLoS One 11(10) (2016) e0164576.
[11]Fetter, KC et al. , “StomataCounter: a deep learning method applied to automatic stomatal identification and counting,” bioRxiv.org, May 21, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1101/327494.
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Microscopy Today
  • ISSN: 1551-9295
  • EISSN: 2150-3583
  • URL: /core/journals/microscopy-today
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