The contact-zone of Chalk and Tertiary dolerite at Scawt Hill, near Larne, Co. Antrim, consists of an assemblage of comparatively rare minerals, including a mineral of the composition Ca2SiO4 not previously recognized as a naturally occurring compound. In the assemblages of the contact-zone the chief minerals, apart from calcite, are spurrite, calcium orthosilieate (larnite), melilite (gehlenite), merwinite, spinel, perovskite, and wollastonite. Outside this contact-zone, the chalk consists almost wholly of calcium carbonate ; nearer the contact it is recrystallized to a granular mosaic of calcite of coarse texture, while at the immediate contact the chalk is completely transformed into an aggregate of new-formed silicates in varying proportions. A hybrid zone between the dolerite and the exogenous contact-rock is composed Of a coarsely crystalline rock built up essentially of titanaugite, melilite (humboldtilite), nepheline, wollastonite, perovskite, and various zeolites. An account of the melilite of this hybrid zone has already been given.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.