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Multifunctional, self-assembled oxide nanocomposite thin films and devices

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 September 2015

Wenrui Zhang
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, USA;
Ramamoorthy Ramesh
Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA; and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA;
Judith L. MacManus-Driscoll
Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, UK;
Haiyan Wang
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, USA;
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Complex oxides provide an ideal playground for exploring the interplay among the fundamental degrees of freedom: structural (lattice), electronic (orbital and charge), and magnetic (spin). In thin films and heterostructures, new states of matter can emerge as a consequence of such interactions. Over the past decade, the ability to synthesize self-assembled nanocomposite thin films of metal oxides has provided another pathway for creating new interfaces and, thus, new physical phenomena. In this article, we describe examples of such materials systems explored to date and highlight the fascinating multifunctional properties achieved. These include enhanced flux pinning in superconductors, strain-enhanced ferroelectricity, strain- and charge-coupled magnetoelectrics, tunable magnetotransport, novel electrical/ionic transport, memristors, and tunable dielectrics.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

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