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Ferroelectric domain engineering of lithium niobate single crystal confined in glass

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 January 2019

Keith Veenhuizen*
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003, USA
Sean McAnany
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015, USA
Rama Vasudevan
Affiliation:
Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA
Daniel Nolan
Affiliation:
Corning Incorporated, Corning, New York 14830, USA
Bruce Aitken
Affiliation:
Corning Incorporated, Corning, New York 14830, USA
Stephen Jesse
Affiliation:
Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA
Sergei V. Kalinin
Affiliation:
Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA
Himanshu Jain
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015, USA
Volkmar Dierolf
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015, USA
*
Address all correspondence to Keith Veenhuizen at veenhuiz@lvc.edu
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Abstract

Ferroelectric single-crystal-architecture-in-glass is a new class of metamaterials that would enable active integrated optics if the ferroelectric behavior is preserved within the confines of glass. We demonstrate using lithium niobate crystals fabricated in lithium niobosilicate glass by femtosecond laser irradiation that not only such behavior is preserved, the ferroelectric domains can be engineered with a DC bias. A piezoresponse force microscope is used to characterize the piezoelectric and ferroelectric behavior. The piezoresponse correlates with the orientation of the crystal lattice as expected for unconfined crystal, and a complex micro- and nano-scale ferroelectric domain structure of the as-grown crystals is revealed.

Type
Research Letters
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2019 

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