Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768dbb666b-dkbpd Total loading time: 0.174 Render date: 2023-02-03T02:59:41.511Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Microstructures in the Formation of Chemical Gardens

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

C. Ignacio Sainz-Diaz
Affiliation:
cisainz@ugr.es, Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra, CSIC-Universidad de Granada, Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalográficos, Av. Fuentenueva s/n, Granada, 18002, Spain, +34-958181644, +34-958181632
Bruno Escribano
Affiliation:
bruno@eez.csic.es, Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra, CSIC-Universidad de Granada, Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalográficos, Av. Fuentenueva s/n, Granada, 18002, Spain
Julyan Cartwright
Affiliation:
julyan@eez.csic.es, Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra, CSIC-Universidad de Granada, Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalográficos, Av. Fuentenueva s/n, Granada, 18002, Spain
Get access

Abstract

Chemical gardens are biomimetic structures in the form of plants formed by a combination of salts which precipitate by a combination of convection forced by osmosis, free convection and chemical reactions. Chemical gardens may be implicated in other phenomena of industrial interest which involve precipitation across a colloidal gel membrane which separates two different aqueous solutions, for example, in cement technology and metal corrosion process. However, the variation in chemical composition, morphology and mechanical properties of the different surfaces of these formations is not well known yet. Several salts in different concentrations and conditions have been explored under terrestrial gravity and microgravity. The chemical garden structures have been characterised by morphology analysis, scanning electron microscopy, chemical analysis and x-ray diffraction, correlating these data with the biomimetic growth and the physical-chemical nanoprocesses involved in it. This approach can also be useful for the analysis of biomaterials with interesting biomechanical properties.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2008

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

i Hazlehurst, T., J. Chem. Edu. 18, 286289, (1941)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
ii Double, D. D.. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A, 310:5563, 1983 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
iii Fontana, M. G.. Corrosion Engineering. McGraw-Hill, 3rd ed, 1986 Google Scholar
iv Russell, M. J., Hall, A. J.. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., 154:377402, 1997 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
v Cartwright, J. H. E., García-Ruiz, J. M., Novella, M. L., Otálora, F.. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 256, 351359, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
vi Collins, C., Mann, G., Hoppe, E., Duggal, T., Barr, T. L., J. Klinowski. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.,1:36853687, (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
vii Jones, D. E. H., Walter, U. (1997) J. Colloid Interface Sci. 203, 286293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
viii Leduc, S.. The Mechanism of Life. Rebman, London, 1911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
ix Herrera, A. L.. Boletín de la Dirección de Estudios Biológicos, México, vol. 1.2. 19161917.Google Scholar
x Coatman, R. D., Thomas, N. L., and Double, D. D.. Studies of the growth of .silicate gardens. and related phenomena. J. Mater. Sci., 15:20172026, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
xi Collins, C., Zhou, W., Mackay, A. L., and Klinowski, J.. The ‘silica garden’: A hierarchical nanostructure. Chem. Phys.Lett., 286:8892, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
xii Collins, C., Zhou, W., and Klinowski, J.. A unique structure of Cu2(OH)3 NH3 crystals in the ‘silica garden’. and their degradation under electron beam irradiation. Chem. Phys. Lett., 306:145148, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
xiii Zeleny, M., Klir, J., and Hufford, K. D.. Precipitation membranes, osmotic growths and synthetic biology. In Langton, C., editor, Artificial Life, SFI Studies in the Sciences of Complexity, pages 125139. Addison-Wesley, 1988.Google Scholar
xiv Rodriguez-Navarro, A. B.. XRD2DScan a new software for polycrystalline materials characterization using two-dimensional X-ray diffraction. Journal of Applied Crystallography 39, 905909 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Microstructures in the Formation of Chemical Gardens
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Microstructures in the Formation of Chemical Gardens
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Microstructures in the Formation of Chemical Gardens
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *