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  • MRS Proceedings, Volume 1272
  • January 2010, 1272-OO02-07

Capillary And Magnetic Forces For Microscale Self-Assembled Systems

  • Christopher J. Morris (a1), Kate E. Laflin (a2), Brian Isaacson (a3), Michael Grapes (a4) and David Gracias (a5)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2011

Self-assembly is a promising technique to overcome fundamental limitations with integrating, packaging, and generally handling individual electronic-related components with characteristic lengths significantly smaller than 1 mm. Here we briefly summarize the use of capillary and magnetic forces to realize two example microscale systems. In the first example, we use capillary forces from a low melting point solder alloy to integrate 500 μm square, 100 μm thick silicon chips with thermally and chemically sensitive metal-polymer hinge actuators, for potential medical applications. The second example demonstrates a path towards self-assembling 3-D silicon circuits formed out of 280 μm sized building blocks, utilizing both capillary forces from a low melting point solder alloy and magnetic forces from integrated, permanent magnets. In the latter example, the utilization of magnetic forces combined with capillary forces improved the assembly yield to 7.8% over 0.1% achieved previously with capillary forces alone.

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