Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Controllable Synthesis of ZnO Nanonails by Vapor-Solid Process: Growth Mechanism and Structural and Optical Properties

  • Ahmad Umar (a1), Q. Ahsanul Haq (a2), Sang Hoon Kim (a2), Yeon Ho Im (a2) and Yoon Bong Hahn (a2)...
Abstract

Single-crystalline with good optical properties aligned ZnO nanonails were grown on steel alloy substrate without the use of metal catalyst or additives by the thermal evaporation process using high purity metallic zinc powder and oxygen as source materials for zinc and oxygen, respectively. Detailed morphological studies by FESEM revealed that the obtained nanonails are grown in a high density over the whole substrate surface and are exhibiting perfect hexagonal-shaped caps. The diameters of the nanonails at their tops and bases are ranges from 120∼160nm and 50∼70 nm, respectively. The detailed structural characterizations confirmed that the synthesized nanostructures are single-crystalline and grown along the c-axis direction. Raman scattering and room-temperature photoluminescence studies demonstrated the wurtzite hexagonal phase and good optical properties, respectively for the grown nanonails.

Copyright
References
Hide All
1. Alvisatos, A. P., Science 271, 933 (1996).
2. Cui, Y. and Lieber, C. M., Science 291, 851 (2001).
3. Keis, K., Vayssieres, L., Lindquist, S. and Hagfeldt, A., Nanostuct. Mater. 12, 487 (1999).
4. Arnold, M.S., Avouris, P., Pan, W.Z. and Wang, Z.L., J. Phys. Chem. B. 107, 659 (2003).
5. Golra, C.R., Emanetoglu, N.W., Liang, S., Mayo, W.E., Lu, Y., Wraback, M. and Shen, H.J., Appl. Phys. 85, 2595 (1999).
6. Gordillo, G., Surf. Rev. Lett. 9, 1675 (2002).
7. Pal, B. and Sharon, M., Mater. Chem. Phys. 76, 82 (2002).
8. Minne, S. C., Manalis, S. R. and Quate, C. F., Appl. Phys. Lett., 67, 3918 (1995).
9. Umar, A., Suh, E. K. and Hahn, Y. B., Solid State Commun. 139, 447 (2006).
10. Umar, A., Karunagaran, B., Suh, E. K. and Hahn, Y. B., Nanotechnology 17, 4072 (2006).
11. Umar, A., Lee, S., Lee, Y. S., Nahm, K. S. and Hahn, Y. B., J. Crystal Growth 277, 479 (2005).
12. Umar, A., Kim, S.H., Im, Y.H. and Hahn, Y.B., Superlattices and Microstructures 39, 238 (2006).
13. Umar, A., Kim, S.H., Lee, Y.S., Nahm, K.S. and Hahn, Y.B., J. Crystal Growth 282, 131 (2005).
14. Umar, A. and Hahn, Y. B., Nanotechnology 17, 2174 (2006).
15. Umar, A. and Hahn, Y. B., App. Phys. Lett. 88, 173120 (2006).
16. Umar, A., Lee, S., Im, Y. H. and Hahn, Y. B., Nanotechnology 16, 2462 (2005).
17. Umar, A., Jeong, J. P., Suh, E. K. and Hahn, Y. B., Korean J. Chem. Engg. 23, 860 (2006).
18. Umar, A., Im, Y. H. and Hahn, Y. B., J. Electronic Mater. 35, 758 (2006).
19. Sekar, A., Kim, S. H., Umar, A. and Hahn, Y. B., J. Crystal Growth, 277, 471 (2005).
20. Umar, A., Ra, H. W., Jeong, J. P., Suh, E. K. and Hahn, Y. B., Korean J. Chem. Engg, 23, 499 (2006).
21. Lao, J. Y., Huang, J. Y., Wang, D.Z. and Ren, Z. F., Nano Lett. 3, 235 (2003).
22. Yao, B. D., Chan, Y. F., and Wang, N., Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 757 (2002).
23. Vanheusden, K., Seager, C.H., Warren, W.L., Tallant, D.R. and Voigt, J.A., J.App. Phys. 79, 7983 (1996).
24. Van Dijken, A., Meulenkamp, E., Vanmaekelbergh, D. and Meijerink, A., J. Phys. Chem. B. 104, 1715 (2000).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL)
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1946-4274
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-online-proceedings-library-archive
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 3 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 84 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.