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Evaluation of the Adsorption Potential of Synthesized Anatase Nanoparticles for Arsenic Removal

  • Z. Özlem Kocabaş (a1) and Yuda Yürüm (a1)

Titanium dioxide has been extensively tested in environmental applications, especially in separation technologies. In the present study, anatase nanoparticles were synthesized by using a sol-gel method, and batch adsorption experiments were carried out to analyze arsenic removal capacity of the anatase nanoparticles from water. The maximum arsenic removal percentages were found ~ 84 % for As(III) at pH 8 and ~98% for As(V) at pH 3, respectively, when 5 g/l anatase nanoparticles were used at an initial arsenic concentration of 1 mg/l. The results of the sorption experiments, which take into consideration the effects of equilibrium concentration on adsorption capacity, were analyzed with two popular adsorption models, Langmuir and Freundlich models. From the comparison of R2 values, the adsorption isotherm for As(III) was fitted satisfactorily well to the Langmuir equation (R2 > 0.996) while the adsorption behavior of As(V) on anatase nanoparticles was described better with Freundlich equation (R2 > 0.991). This study proposes the potential adsorbent material for water which is contaminated with arsenic species.

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