In order to obtain efficient light trapping within a thin-film silicon solar cell, randomly textured interfaces are used. The texture can be introduced by wet-chemical etching in diluted hyrdofluoric acid (HF). By varying of the HF concentration, a continuous transition to smaller surface structures can be achieved. Near-field scanning optical microscopy is applied to measure scattered light with sub-wavelength resolution. On those different surfaces, using Fourier high-pass filters on the measured near-field images, surface features with a high light trapping potential are identified. Finally, criteria for optimized scattering surfaces are obtained.
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