We suggest a new method for fabricating diamond nanoclusters by employing a coaxial arc plasma gun. Diamond powder comprised of diamond nanoclusters and amorphous carbon was fabricated in vacuum and a hydrogen atmosphere, and the diamond crystallite sizes were estimated to be 1.8, 2.3, and 2.3 nm for the powders prepared at hydrogen pressures of 0, 53.3, and 159.6 Pa respectively, from the X-ray diffraction peaks. The hydrogen ambient gas is not necessarily required for the diamond nanoclusters formation. We consider that this method enables us to form diamond nanoclusters in nucleation owing to a supersaturated condition at a facing plate located in front of an arc plasma gun.
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