We have used RBS/Channeling, perturbed angular correlation (PAC) and optical absorption to study the regrowth of disordered layers in diamond produced by implantation with carbon, or with carbon plus boron or indium ions. For C or C plus B implantation doses of 2 ×1015 cm−2 or less, complete recovery of channeling damage occurred after RTA at 1100°C or furnace annealing at 900°C. Optical measurements on samples implanted with high energy carbon ions show better recovery compared to the shallower implantations. PAC results showed that co-implantation with C and In caused a considerable fraction (∼15%) of the In-atoms to occupy well-defined lattice sites characterized by an electric field gradient having its major component along <111>, and a frequency of 116 MHz.
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