Electrochemical reduction of CO2 into useful organics combined with photovoltaics is thought to be one of the promising ways to effectively store and transport the solar energy. In most of the previous researches, CO2 bubbling in different solutions were used as the electrolyte. However, the effects of the electrolyte and the CO2 bubbling are not clear. Therefore, in this research, the effects of different electrolyte, CO2 bubbling, concentration of the electrolyte and temperature on the electrochemical reduction of CO2 on a Cu working electrode were studied. The results showed that the form of the carbon source in the electrolyte, such as HCO3-, CO32- and H2CO3, had a strong effect on this reaction, which was controlled by the pH of the electrolyte. Furthermore, high concentration of the HCO3- and elevated temperature can strongly improve the reaction current density.