Properties of n-GaN/p-SiC and n-AlGaN/p-SiC heterojunctions prepared by HVPE on 4H SiC substrates were studied by means of C-V, C/G-T, C-f, I-V and DLTS. It is shown, in agreement with earlier publications, that the GaN/p-SiC HJ is staggered type II with ΔEc=-0.4 eV andΔEv=0.6 eV. Whenchanging GaN for AlGaN with Al mole fraction of x=0.25-0.3 the band alignment becomes normal type I with ΔEc=0.2 eV andΔEv=0.6 eV. I-V characteristics of both heterojunctions bear evidence of strong tunneling via defect states, particularly centers with activation energy of 1.25 eV for GaN/4H SiC HJ. The tunneling was found to be more pronounced in the AlGaN/SiC HJs even though these HJs showed no evidence of formation of dark line defects at the interface, in contrast to GaN/SiC. DLTS measurements on both types of HJs revealed the presence of broad bands whose behavior is indicative of these bands being related to continuous states in the gap, most likely near the nitride/carbide interface.