LiNi1−xCoxO2(x=0.2, 0.3, 0.4) was synthesized through a sintering process from two different types of source materials of nickel and cobalt, namely each respective hydroxide and oxide, and composite hydroxide. Influence of the difference on charge-discharge characteristics, crystal structure and distribution of the metal elements was investigated.
The composite hydroxides formulated in Ni1−xCox(OH)2 as the source material brought better homogenized composite lithiated nickel based metal oxides exhibiting the larger specific discharge capacity. Further modification of LiNi0.6Co0.4)2 by manganese through sintering from the composite hydroxide including manganese brought a good charge-discharge cycle performance as well as a high discharge capacity of 160mAh/g level.
A cylindrical test cell of 18mm in diameter and 65mm in height using the LiNi0.6Co0.3Mn0.1O2 exhibited discharge capacity of 1700mAh which is larger than that using LiCoO2, and also exhibited a competitive charge-discharge cycle performance to commercialized lithium ion batteries.