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Production of sordarin and related metabolites by the coprophilous fungus Podospora pleiospora in submerged culture and in its natural substrate

  • Roland W. S. WEBER (a1), Anja MEFFERT (a1), Heidrun ANKE (a2) and Olov STERNER (a3)
Abstract

Rabbit pellets collected from the field were colonized by Podospora pleiospora at the exclusion of other coprophilous fungi, suggesting antibiosis. In liquid culture, P. pleiospora produced sordarin (1); sordarin B (2), a new compound in which sordarose is replaced by rhamnose; hydroxysordarin (3); and sordaricin (4). The major compounds 1 and 2 exhibited minimum inhibitory concentrations of 0.5–2.5 μg ml−1 against the yeasts Nematospora coryli and Sporobolomyces roseus, but showed little or no activity against bacteria or coprophilous filamentous fungi. In liquid culture, the production of 1 and 2 together amounted to 2.7 μg ml−1, whereas in rabbit dung only 1 was produced at a similar concentration (2.3 μg g−1 fresh weight). The biosynthesis of these substances was unaffected by the presence of inoculum of other fungi tested (Sporobolomyces roseus or Penicillium claviforme) in liquid culture or on dung. Sordarin-type natural products are therefore synthesized by P. pleiospora at sufficiently high concentrations to account for antibiosis against yeasts, but not against filamentous fungi.

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Mycological Research
  • ISSN: 0953-7562
  • EISSN: 1469-8102
  • URL: /core/journals/mycological-research
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