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Development of seismicity and probabilistic hazard assessment for the Groningen gas field

  • Bernard Dost (a1), Elmer Ruigrok (a1) and Jesper Spetzler (a1)
Abstract

The increase in number and strength of shallow induced seismicity connected to the Groningen gas field since 2003 and the occurrence of a M L 3.6 event in 2012 started the development of a full probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) for Groningen, required by the regulator. Densification of the monitoring network resulted in a decrease of the location threshold and magnitude of completeness down to ~ M L=0.5. Combined with a detailed local velocity model, epicentre accuracy could be reduced from 0.5–1km to 0.1–0.3km and a vertical resolution ~0.3km. Time-dependent seismic activity is observed and taken into account into PSHA calculations. Development of the Ground Motion Model for Groningen resulted in a significant reduction of the hazard. Comparison of different implementations of the PSHA, using different source models, based on either a compaction model and production scenarios or on extrapolation of past seismicity, and methods of calculation, shows similar results.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email: dost@knmi.nl
References
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Netherlands Journal of Geosciences
  • ISSN: 0016-7746
  • EISSN: 1573-9708
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