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Introduction of the Boxtel Formation and implications for the Quaternary lithostratigraphy of the Netherlands

  • J. Schokker (a1) (a2), H.J.T. Weerts (a1), W.E. Westerhoff (a1), H.J.A. Berendsen and C. den Otter (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

Application of the traditional lithostratigraphic framework to subdivide the Middle- and Upper-Quaternary locally-derived fine-grained deposits in the Netherlands is problematic. Deposits of many formations cannot be distinguished from each other based on lithological characteristics and stratigraphie position alone. To overcome this problem, we present a new, well-defined lithostratigraphy for these deposits, based on detailed research in the central part of the Roer Valley Graben. This area contains an up to 35 m-thick sedimentary record of Middle- and Upper-Quaternary sand, loam and peat deposits. These have mainly been formed by aeolian and small-scale fluvial processes and have been preserved as a result of tectonic subsidence. The traditional lithostratigraphic subdivision of these deposits into three formations (Eindhoven Formation, Asten Formation and Twente Formation) was based on a combination of litho-, bio- and chronostratigraphic evidence and the presumed widespread presence of a horizon of organic-rich interglacial sediments of Eemian age. To avoid intermingling of criteria regarding lithological characteristics, genesis and age, we now incorporate all fine-grained sediments into the new Boxtel Formation. The implications for the lithostratigraphic framework in other parts of the country are explored and discussed. Eight lithostratigraphic members are introduced that describe the most characteristic parts of the formation. To fully illustrate the sedimentary sequence in the Roer Valley Graben, two new members are defined here. The Best Member incorporates alternating floodloam deposits and sandy aeolian deposits in the lower part of the Boxtel Formation. The Liempde Member includes reworked aeolian loess and sandy loess deposits (‘Brabant loam’) that occur in the upper part of the sedimentary sequence.

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*Corresponding author. Email: jeroen.schokker@tno.nl
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Henk Berendsen passed away on May 14, 2007

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C. Emiliani 1955. Pleistocene temperatures. Journal of Geology 63: 538578.

R.F. Houtgast & R.T. Van Balen , 2000. Neotectonics of the Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands. Global and Planetary Change 27: 131146.

G.H.J. Ruegg , 1983. Periglacial eolian evenly laminated sandy deposits in the Late Pleistocene of NW Europe, a facies unrecorded in modern sedimentological handbooks. In: M.E. Brookfield & T.S. Ahlbrandt (eds): Eolian sediments and processes (Developments in Sedimentology 38). Elsevier (Amsterdam): 455483.

J. Schokker , P. Cleveringa & A.S. Murray , 2004. Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction and 0SL dating of terrestrial Eemian deposits in the southeastern Netherlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 19: 193202.

J. Schokker & E.A. Koster , 2004. Sedimentology and facies distribution of Pleistocene cold-climate aeolian and fluvial deposits in the Roer Valley Graben (southeastern Netherlands). Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 15: 120.

J. Schokker , P. Cleveringa , A.S. Murray & W.E. Westerhoff , 2005. An 0SL dated Middle and Late Quaternary sedimentary record in the Roer Valley Graben (southeastern Netherlands). Quaternary Science Reviews 24: 22432264.

N.J. Shackleton & N.D. Opdyke , 1973. Oxygen isotope and palaeomagnetic stratigraphy of equatorial Pacific core V28-238: oxygen isotope temperatures and ice volumes on a 105 and 106 year scale. Quaternary Research 3: 3955.

J. Vandenberghe & P. Van den Broek , 1982. Weichselian convolution phenomena and processes in fine sediments. Boreas 11: 299315.

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Netherlands Journal of Geosciences
  • ISSN: 0016-7746
  • EISSN: 1573-9708
  • URL: /core/journals/netherlands-journal-of-geosciences
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