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Toward a new political regime in Turkey: From competitive toward full authoritarianism

  • Koray Çalışkan (a1)
Abstract

This article argues that Turkey’s contemporary political regime is competitive authoritarianism. Tracing the evolution of Turkey’s political system from tutelary democracy to its current state, it describes the developments that resulted in the dissolution of the army’s prerogatives in politics and the rise of a new form of authoritarianism in the country. Associating this substantive change with the global emergence of competitive authoritarianism, I argue that the competitive authoritarian regime of Turkey has been institutionalized by the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP) and that, since the 2017 referendum, the regime has displayed a tendency toward full authoritarianism that may render elections non-competitive by narrowing the legal channels through which the opposition can contest for political power.

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Author’s Note: I would like to thank Taha Parla, Ersin Kalaycıoğlu, Biray Kolluoğlu, and three anonymous reviewers for their comments, criticism, and support, as well as Ezel Şahinkaya and Ayşe Savut for research assistance.

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New Perspectives on Turkey
  • ISSN: 0896-6346
  • EISSN: 1305-3299
  • URL: /core/journals/new-perspectives-on-turkey
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