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L Chatenoud , A Tavani , C La Vecchia , DR Jacobs , E Negri , F Levi & S Franceschi (1998) Whole-grain food intake and cancer risk. International Journal of Cancer 77, 24–28.
LC Clark , CF Combs , BW Turnbull , EH Slate , DK Chalker , J Chow , LS Davis , RA Glover , GF Graham , EG Gross , A Krongrad , JL Lesher , HK Park , BB Sanders , CL Smith & JR Taylor (1996) Effects of selenium supplementation for cancer prevention in patients with carcinoma of the skin. A randomized controlled trial. Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Study Group. Journal of the American Medical Association 276, 1957–1963.
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E Giovannucci (1995) Insulin and colon cancer. Cancer Causes and Contro 6, 164–179.
L Harnack , S Walters & JR Jacobs (2003) Dietary intake and food sources of whole grains among US children and adolescents: data from the 1994–1996 continuing survey of food intakes by individuals. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 103, 1015–1019.
FB Hu , JE Manson , S Liu , D Hunter , GA Colditz , KB Michels , FE Speizer & E Giovannucci (1999) Prospective study of adult onset diabetes mellitus (type 2) and risk of colorectal cancer in women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 91, 542–547.
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CM Kasum , DR Jacobs , K Nicodemus & AR Folsom (2002) Dietary risk factors for upper aerodigestive tract cancers. International Journal of Cancer 99, 267–272.
CM Kasum , K Nicodemus , LJ Harnack , DR Jacobs & AR Folsom (2001) Whole grain intake and incident endometrial cancer: The Iowa Women's Health Study. Nutrition and Cancer 39, 180–186.
DL Katz , H Nawaz , J Boukhalil , W Chan , R Ahmadi , V Giannamore & PM Sarrel (2001) Effects of oat and wheat cereals on endothelial responses. Preventive Medicine 33, 476–484.
PA Kroon , CB Faulds , P Ryden , JA Robertson & G Williamson (1997) Release of covalently bound ferulic acid from fiber in the human colon. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45, 661–667.
K-H Liukkonen , K Katina , A Wilhelmsson , O Myllkmäki , A-M Lampi , S Kariluoto , V Piironen , S-M Heinonen , T Nurmi , H Adlercreutz , A Peltoketo , J-M Pihlava , V Hietaniemi & K Poutanen (2003) Process-induced changes on bioactive compounds in wholegrain rye. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 62, 117–122.
DS Ludwig , MA Pereira , CH Kroenke , JE Hilner , L Van Horn , ML Slattery & DR Jacobs (1999) Dietary fiber, weight gain, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in young adults. Journal of the American Medical Association 282, 1539–1546.
A McIntyre , RM Vincent , AC Perkins & RC Spiller (1997) Effect of bran, ispaghula, and inert plastic particles on gastric emptying and small bowel transit in humans: the role of physical factors. Gut 40, 223–227.
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J Salmeron , A Ascherio , EB Rimm , GA Colditz , D Spiegelman , DJ Jenkins , MJ Stampfer , AL Wing & WC Willett (1997 a) Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men. Diabetes Care 20, 545–550.
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JL Slavin , D Jacobs & L Marquart (2001 a) Grain processing and nutrition. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 21, 49–66.
JL Slavin , D Jacobs , L Marquart & K Wiemer (2001 b) The role of whole grains in disease prevention. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 101, 780–785.
P Terry , J Lagergren , W Ye , A Wolk & O Nyren (2001) Inverse association between intake of cereal fiber and risk of gastric cardia cancer. Gastroenterology 120, 387–391.
LU Thompson , MM Seidl , SE Rickard , LJ Orcheson & HH Fong (1996) Antitumorigenic effect of a mammalian lignan precursor from flaxseed. Nutrition and Cancer 26, 159–165.
AS Truswell (2002) Cereal grains and coronary heart disease. European Journal of Clinical Nut 56, 1–14.
RM Van Dam , EB Rimm , WC Willett , MJ Stampfer & FB Hu (2002) Dietary patterns and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in US men. Annals in Internal Medicine 136, 201–209.
M Vanharanta , S Voutilainen , TH Rissanen , H Adlercreutz & JT Salonen (2003) Risk of cardiovascular disease-related and all-cause death according to serum concentrations of enterolactone. Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Archives of Internal Medicine 163, 1099–1104.
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