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A role of vitamin D in low-intensity chronic inflammation and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus?

  • Mario Flores (a1)
Abstract

Evidence from different directions, including observational and experimental studies, points to a role of vitamin D status in low-intensity chronic inflammation and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It has been recognised that insulin resistance and low-intensity chronic inflammation are risk factors for T2DM. Thus, vitamin D status can be implicated in the aetiology of TD2M. It is suggested that the relationship between vitamin D and low-intensity chronic inflammation and insulin resistance in T2DM can be mediated in part by the immune-modulating properties of the active form of vitamin D (1-α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3; 1,25(OH)2D3), which is able to down regulate the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines – particularly TNF-α, and IL-6. However, an association between vitamin D status and these features, which is independent of BMI, has been also reported. Non-calcaemic effects of vitamin D can be associated with health outcomes other than those traditionally attributed to the vitamin.

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Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Dr Mario E. Flores, fax +52 777 11 22 19, email mflores@correo.insp.mx
References
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Nutrition Research Reviews
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