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Perspectives on Gesture–Sound Relationships Informed from Acoustic Instrument Studies

  • Nicolas Rasamimanana (a1), Florian Kaiser (a1) and Frederic Bevilacqua (a1)

We present an experimental study on articulation in bowed strings that provides important elements for a discussion about sound synthesis control. The study focuses on bow acceleration profiles and transient noises, measured for different players for the bowing techniques detaché and martelé. We found that maximum of these profiles are not synchronous, and temporal shifts are dependent on the bowing techniques. These results allow us to bring out important mechanisms in sound and gesture articulation. In particular, the results reveal a potential shortcoming of mapping strategies using simple frame-by-frame data-stream procedures. We propose instead to consider input control data as time functions, and consider gesture co-articulation processes.

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A. Askenfelt 1989. Measurement of the Bowing Parameters in Violin Playing. II: Bow-Bridge Distance, Dynamic Range, and Limits of Bow Force. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 86(2).

S. Dahl 2000. The Playing of an Accent – Preliminary Observations from Temporal and Kinematic Analysis of Percussionists. Journal of New Music Research 29: 225233.

R. Dannenberg I. Derenyi 1998. Combining Instrument and Performance Models for High-Quality Music Synthesis. Journal of New Music Research 27(3): 211238.

G. De Poli , A. Rodà A. Vidolin 1998. Note-by-Note Analysis of the Influence of Expressive Intentions and Musical Structure in Violin Performance. The Journal of New Music Research 27(3): 293321.

M. Demoucron , A. Askenfelt R. Caussé 2008. Observations on Bow Changes in Violin Performance. Proceedings of Acoustics. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 123(5): 3123.

W. Goebl , R. Bresin A. Galembo 2005. Touch and Temporal Behavior of Grand Piano Actions. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 118(2): 11541165.

K. Guettler A. Askenfelt 1997. Acceptance Limits for the Duration of Pre-Helmholtz Transients in Bowed String Attacks. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 101(5): 29032913.

S. McAdams , S. Winsberg , G. de Soete J. Krimphoff 1995. Perceptual Scaling of Synthesized Musical Timbres: Common Dimensions, Specificities and Latent Subject Classes. Psychological Research 58: 177192.

C. Palmer 2006. Nature of Memory for Music Performance Skills. In Music, Motor Control and the Brain. New York: Oxford University Press.

N. H. Rasamimanana E. Fléty , F. Bevilacqua 2006. Gesture Analysis of Violin Bow Strokes. Gesture in Human-Computer Interaction and Simulation, Lecture Notes in Computer Science/Artificial Intelligence (LNAI) 3881: 145155.

X. Serra J. O. Smith III 1990. Spectral Modeling Synthesis: A Sound Analysis/Synthesis System Based on a Deterministic Plus Stochastic Decomposition. Computer Music Journal 14(4): 1224.

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Organised Sound
  • ISSN: 1355-7718
  • EISSN: 1469-8153
  • URL: /core/journals/organised-sound
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