Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Arboreal camera trapping for the Critically Endangered greater bamboo lemur Prolemur simus

  • Erik R. Olson (a1), Ryan A. Marsh (a1) (a2), Brittany N. Bovard (a1), H. L. Lucien Randrianarimanana (a3) (a4), Maholy Ravaloharimanitra (a3), Jonah H. Ratsimbazafy (a5) (a4) and Tony King (a3)...

Camera traps are standard tools for assessing populations of medium–large terrestrial mammals, particularly for rare, elusive or cryptic species, yet few researchers have attempted to employ camera traps to document rare primates in arboreal settings. We examined different arboreal camera-trap techniques to document the Critically Endangered greater bamboo lemur Prolemur simus in Madagascar. We documented P. simus at two sites, confirming presence at one site. Most species, including 86% of all lemur occurrences, were documented in low light conditions (c. < 105 lux). Our study suggests that camera traps can be effective in validating unconfirmed sightings of rare or secretive primate species. We recommend that future work with cameras in arboreal settings considers seasonal activity patterns, targets sites with high food densities, uses local knowledge, and utilizes available techniques (e.g. traditional trapping techniques) and landscape topography to concentrate animal movement (e.g. steep slopes or ridge lines).

Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J.G. Blake , J. Guerra , D. Mosquera , R. Torres , B.A. Loiselle & D. Romo (2010) Use of mineral licks by white-bellied spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) and red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in eastern Ecuador. International Journal of Primatology, 31, 471483.

J. Easton , N. Chao , F. Mulindahabi , N. Ntare , L. Rugyerinyange & I. Ndikubqimana (2011) Status and conservation of the only population of the Vulnerable owl-faced monkey Cercopithecus hamlyni in Rwanda. Oryx, 45, 435438.

C. Andrainarivo , V.N. Andriaholinirina , A. Feistner , T. Felix , J. Ganzhorn , N. Garbutt (2008) Prolemur simus. In IUCN Red List of Threatened Species v. 2011.2. Http:// [accessed 7 June 2012].

K.U. Karanth (1995) Estimating tiger Panthera tigris populations from camera-trap data using capture-recapture models. Biological Conservation, 71, 333338.

M.J. Kelly , A.J. Noss , M.S. Di Bitetti , L. Maffei , R.L. Arispe , A. Paviolo (2008) Estimating puma densities from camera trapping across three study sites: Bolivia, Argentina, and Belize. Journal of Mammalogy, 89, 408418.

T.E. Kucera & R.H. Barrett (2011) A history of camera trapping. In Camera Trapping in Animal Ecology (eds A.F. O'Connell , J.D. Nichols & K.U. Karanth ), pp. 925. Springer, New York, USA.

A.F. O'Connell , J.D. Nichols & K.U. Karanth (2011) Camera Trapping in Animal Ecology. Springer, New York, USA.

L. Rakotonirina , A. Rajaonson , T. Ratolojanahary , J. Rafalimandimby , P. Fanomezantsoa , B. Ramahefasoa (2011) New distributional records and conservation implications for the critically endangered greater bamboo lemur Prolemur simus. Folia Primatologica, 82, 118129.

M. Ravaloharimanitra , T. Ratolojanahary , J. Rafalimandimby , A. Rajaonson , L. Rakotonirina , T. Rasolofoharivelo (2011) Gathering local knowledge in Madagascar results in a major increase in the known range and number of sites for Critically Endangered greater bamboo lemurs (Prolemur simus). International Journal of Primatology, 32, 776792.

C.L. Tan (1999) Group composition, home range size, and diet of three sympatric bamboo lemur species (genus Hapalemur) in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. International Journal of Primatology, 20, 547566.

M.W. Tobler , S.E. Carrillo-Percastegui , R.L. Pitman , R. Mares & G. Powell (2008) An evaluation of camera traps for inventorying large- and medium-sized terrestrial rainforest mammals. Animal Conservation, 11, 169178.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 7
Total number of PDF views: 66 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 295 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.