Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Chimpanzees in mantraps: lethal crop protection and conservation in Uganda

  • Matthew R. McLennan (a1), David Hyeroba (a2) (a3), Caroline Asiimwe (a4), Vernon Reynolds (a4) and Janette Wallis (a5)...
Abstract
Abstract

A main concern of farmers worldwide is how to reduce crop losses to wildlife. Some potentially lethal crop protection methods are non-selective. It is important to understand the impact of such methods on species of conservation concern. Uganda has important populations of Endangered eastern chimpanzees Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii. Farmers sometimes use large metal mantraps to guard their fields against crop-raiding wildlife, particularly baboons Papio anubis and wild pigs Potamochoerus sp.. Chimpanzees that range onto farmland also step in these illegal devices and without rapid veterinary invention face severe injury or eventual death. Unlike inadvertent snaring of great apes in African forests, the problem of mantraps in forest–farm ecotones has received little attention. We report 10 cases of entrapped chimpanzees in the cultivated landscape surrounding Uganda's Budongo Forest during 2007–2011, undoubtedly only a portion of the actual number of cases. Mantraps currently present a substantial threat to ape populations in this important conservation landscape. Our data underscore the need for conservation programmes to consider the techniques used by rural farmers to protect their livelihoods from wild animals.

Copyright
Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail mmclennan@brookes.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

F. Babweteera , V. Reynolds & K. Zuberbühler (2008) Conservation and research in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Masindi District, western Uganda. In Science and Conservation in African Forests: The Benefits of Long-term Research (eds R. Wrangham & E. Ross ), pp. 145157. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

J. Englund (1982) A comparison of injuries to leg-hold trapped and foot-snared red foxes. Journal of Wildlife Management, 46, 11131117.

G.M. Ferrie , T.L. Bettinger , C.W. Kuhar , K. Lehnhardt , P. Apell & P. Kasoma (2011) Assessing community understanding of local environmental issues in two areas of Uganda. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 10, 5262.

J. Hartter (2009) Attitudes of rural communities toward wetlands and forest fragments around Kibale National Park, Uganda. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 14, 433447.

C.M. Hill (2004) Farmers’ perspectives of conflict at the wildlife–agriculture boundary: some lessons learned from African subsistence farmers. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 9, 279286.

K. Hockings & T. Humle (2009) Best Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Mitigation of Conflict Between Humans and Great Apes. IUCN/Species Survival Commission Primate Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland.

K.J. Hockings & M.R. McLennan (2012) From forest to farm: systematic review of cultivar feeding by chimpanzees—management implications for wildlife in anthropogenic landscapes. PLoS ONE, 7, e33391.

D. Hyeroba , P. Apell & E. Otali (2011) Managing a speared alpha male chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Veterinary Record, 169, 658.

M.R. McLennan (2008) Beleaguered chimpanzees in the agricultural district of Hoima, western Uganda. Primate Conservation, 23, 4554.

M.R. McLennan & C.M. Hill (2010) Chimpanzee responses to researchers in a disturbed forest–farm mosaic at Bulindi, western Uganda. American Journal of Primatology, 72, 907918.

M.R. McLennan & A.J. Plumptre (2012) Protected apes, unprotected forest: composition, structure and diversity of riverine forest fragments and their conservation value in Uganda. Tropical Conservation Science, 5, 79103.

E.N. Mwavu & E.T.F. Witkowski (2008) Land-use and cover changes (1988–2002) around Budongo forest reserve, NW Uganda: implications for forest and woodland sustainability. Land Degradation and Development, 19, 606622.

L. Naughton-Treves , J. Alix-Garcia & C.A. Chapman (2011) Lessons about parks and poverty from a decade of forest loss and economic growth around Kibale National Park, Uganda. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 108, 1391913924.

F.V. Osborn & C.M. Hill (2005) Techniques to reduce crop loss: human and technical dimensions in Africa. In People and Wildlife: Conflict or Coexistence? (eds R. Woodroffe , S. Thirgood & A. Rabinowitz ), pp. 7285. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

V. Reynolds (2005) The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

B. Warburton & I. Orchard (1996) Evaluation of five kill traps for effective capture and killing of Australian brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula). New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 23, 307314.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: