Skip to main content
×
Home

Female tiger Panthera tigris home range size in the Bangladesh Sundarbans: the value of this mangrove ecosystem for the species’ conservation

  • Adam C.D. Barlow (a1), James L.D. Smith (a1), Ishtiaq U. Ahmad (a2), Abu N.M. Hossain (a2), Mizan Rahman (a3) and Alam Howlader (a3)...
Abstract
Abstract

Basic information required to conserve wild tigers Panthera tigris is lacking for the Bangladesh Sundarbans. The objectives of this study were therefore to estimate tiger home range size and obtain information on movement. Two adult female tigers were captured in the south-east of the Sundarbans and fitted with global positioning system collars. Mean home range sizes for the two tigers estimated with 95% minimum convex polygon and fixed kernel methods were 12.3 and 14.2 km2, respectively. A mean female home range size of 14.2 km2 would indicate a density for the south-east Sundarbans of seven adult females per 100 km2. The maximum distance moved by a tiger in 1 day was 11.3 km. Although preliminary these home range estimates indicate that the Sundarbans of Bangladesh has good quality tiger habitat relative to other tiger landscapes, highlighting the value of this mangrove ecosystem for the survival of this Endangered species.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA. E-mail adambarlow75@gmail.com
References
Hide All
Ahmad I.U., Greenwood C.J., Barlow A.C.D., Islam M.A., Hossain A.N.M., Khan M.M.H. & Smith J.L.D. (2009) Bangladesh Tiger Action Plan 2009–2017. Bangladesh Forest Department, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Barlow A.C.D. (2009) The Sundarbans tiger: adaptation, population status, and conflict management. PhD thesis, University of Minnesota, USA.
Barlow A.C.D., Ahmed M.I.U., Rahman M.M., Howlader A., Smith A.C. & Smith J.L.D. (2008) Linking monitoring and intervention for improved management of tigers in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh. Biological Conservation, 141, 20312040.
Barlow A.C.D., McDougal C., Smith J.L.D., Gurung B., Bhatta S.R. & Kumal S. (2009) Temporal variation in tiger (Panthera tigris) populations and its implications for monitoring. Journal of Mammalogy, 90, 472478.
Barlow A.C.D., Mazak J., Ahmad I.U. & Smith J.L.D. (2010) A preliminary investigation of Sundarbans tiger morphology. Mammalia, 74, 329331.
Chundawat R.S., Gogate N. & Johnsingh A.J.T. (1999) Tigers in Panna: preliminary results from an Indian tropical dry forest. In Riding the Tiger: Tiger Conservation in Human-dominated Landscapes (eds Seidensticker J., Christie S. & Jackson P.), pp. 123129. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Gannon W.L. & Sikes R.S. (2007) Guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the use of wild animals in research. Journal of Mammalogy, 88, 809823.
Goodrich J.M., Kerley L.L., Miquelle D.G., Smirnov E.N., Quigley H.B. & Hornocker M.G. (2005) Social structure of Amur tigers on Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Zapovednik. In Tigers of Sikhote-Alin Zapovednik: Ecology and Conservation (eds Miquelle D.G., Smirnov E.N. & Goodrich J.M.), 5060. PSP, Vladivostok, Russia. [in Russian]
Goodrich J.M., Kerley L.L., Schleyer B.O., Miquelle D.G., Quigley K.S., Smirnov Y.N. et al. . (2001) Capture and chemical anesthesia of Amur (Siberian) tigers. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 29, 533542.
Gopal B. & Chauhan M. (2006) Biodiversity and its conservation in the Sundarban mangrove ecosystem. Aquatic Sciences-Research Across Boundaries, 68, 338354.
Hooge P.N. & Eichenlaub B. (1997) Animal Movement Extension to ArcView 1.1. US Geological Survey, Alaska Biological Science Center, Anchorage, USA.
Karanth K.U. & Nichols J.D. (2000) Ecological Status and Conservation of Tigers in India. Final Technical Report to the US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, USA, Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, USA, and Center for Wildlife Studies, Bangalore, India.
Karanth K.U. & Sunquist M.E. (2000) Behavioral correlates of predation by tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus) and dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Nagarahole, India. Journal of Zoology, 250, 255265.
Reza A., Feeroz M.M. & Islam M.A. (2001) Food habits of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) in the Sundarbans. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology, 29, 173180.
Seaman D.E., Millspaugh J.J., Kernohan B.J., Brundige G.C., Raedeke K.J. & Gitzen R.A. (1999) Effects of sample size on kernel home range estimates. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 63, 739747.
Smith J.L.D., McDougal C.W. & Sunquist M.E. (1987) Land tenure system in female tigers. In Tigers of the World: The Biology, Biopolitics, Management, and Conservation of an Endangered Species (eds Tilson R.L. & Seal U.S.), pp. 97108. Noyes Publications, New Jersey, USA.
Sunquist M.E. (1981) The social organization of tigers (Panthera tigris) in Royal Chitawan National Park, Nepal. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 336, 198.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 8
Total number of PDF views: 86 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 845 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.