Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 13
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Butsic, Van Baumann, Matthias Shortland, Anja Walker, Sarah and Kuemmerle, Tobias 2015. Conservation and conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo: The impacts of warfare, mining, and protected areas on deforestation. Biological Conservation, Vol. 191, p. 266.


    Lunstrum, Elizabeth 2015. Conservation Meets Militarisation in Kruger National Park: Historical Encounters and Complex Legacies. Conservation and Society, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 356.


    Miller, Daniel C Minn, Michael and Sinsin, Brice 2015. The importance of national political context to the impacts of international conservation aid: evidence from the W National Parks of Benin and Niger. Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 10, Issue. 11, p. 115001.


    Ordway, Elsa M. 2015. Political shifts and changing forests: Effects of armed conflict on forest conservation in Rwanda. Global Ecology and Conservation, Vol. 3, p. 448.


    de las Heras, Alejandro 2014. Sustainability Science and Technology.


    Douglas, Leo R. and Alie, Kelvin 2014. High-value natural resources: Linking wildlife conservation to international conflict, insecurity, and development concerns. Biological Conservation, Vol. 171, p. 270.


    Gorsevski, Virginia Geores, Martha and Kasischke, Eric 2013. Human dimensions of land use and land cover change related to civil unrest in the Imatong Mountains of South Sudan. Applied Geography, Vol. 38, p. 64.


    Benz-Schwarzburg, Judith and Benz, Sophia 2012. Biopolicy: The Life Sciences and Public Policy.


    Gorsevski, Virginia Kasischke, Eric Dempewolf, Jan Loboda, Tatiana and Grossmann, Falk 2012. Analysis of the Impacts of armed conflict on the Eastern Afromontane forest region on the South Sudan — Uganda border using multitemporal Landsat imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 118, p. 10.


    Tranquilli, Sandra Abedi-Lartey, Michael Amsini, Fidèle Arranz, Luis Asamoah, Augustus Babafemi, Ogunjemite Barakabuye, Nsengiyunva Campbell, Geneviève Chancellor, Rebecca Davenport, Tim R.B. Dunn, Andrew Dupain, Jef Ellis, Christina Etoga, Gilles Furuichi, Takeshi Gatti, Sylvain Ghiurghi, Andrea Greengrass, Elisabeth Hashimoto, Chie Hart, John Herbinger, Ilka Hicks, Thurston C. Holbech, Lars H. Huijbregts, Bas Imong, Inaoyom Kumpel, Noelle Maisels, Fiona Marshall, Phil Nixon, Stuart Normand, Emmanuelle Nziguyimpa, Léonidas Nzooh-Dogmo, Zacharie Tiku Okon, David Plumptre, Andrew Rundus, Aaron Sunderland-Groves, Jacqueline Todd, Angelique Warren, Ymke Mundry, Roger Boesch, Christophe and Kuehl, Hjalmar 2012. Lack of conservation effort rapidly increases African great ape extinction risk. Conservation Letters, Vol. 5, Issue. 1, p. 48.


    Decher, Jan Norris, Ryan W. and Fahr, Jakob 2010. Small mammal survey in the upper Seli River valley, Sierra Leone. mammalia, Vol. 74, Issue. 2,


    Rogers, Heather M. Glew, Louise Honzák, Miroslav and Hudson, Malcolm D. 2010. Prioritizing key biodiversity areas in Madagascar by including data on human pressure and ecosystem services. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 96, Issue. 1, p. 48.


    WAYLEN, KERRY A. FISCHER, ANKE MCGOWAN, PHILIP J. K. THIRGOOD, SIMON J. and MILNER-GULLAND, E. J. 2010. Effect of Local Cultural Context on the Success of Community-Based Conservation Interventions. Conservation Biology, Vol. 24, Issue. 4, p. 1119.


    ×

Gorillas in the midst: the impact of armed conflict on the conservation of protected areas in sub-Saharan Africa

  • L. Glew (a1) and M.D. Hudson (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605307001755
  • Published online: 01 May 2007
Abstract
Abstract

The frequently anecdotal nature of evidence concerning the impact of warfare on conservation poses numerous problems and there have been calls to apply a strict set of conditions to such data to improve the rigor of scientific analysis in this field. To illustrate the difficulties, however, of applying strict quantitative conditions on such data a deterministic model of conflict-linked deforestation in sub-Saharan Africa was constructed and the implications of the model discussed. Our model indicates that from 1990–2005 approximately 35,000 ha of timber have been used to support officially recorded UN refugees in this region: this is a continuing impact, albeit quantified using data with some potential error. An alternative semi-quantitative approach was also used, with reported environmental impacts of conflict assessed for reliability and severity using a number of empirical criteria. Data focusing on the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda were subsequently analysed using this framework. Illegal resource exploitation was identified as the primary impact resulting from conflict and, in some instances, a driver of the hostilities. From the joint consideration of the conflict and post-conflict phases such exploitation is concluded to be the product of lawlessness and anarchy generated by violent uprisings rather than violence per se. As such, armed conflict does not pose a novel threat to protected areas but rather amplifies threats extant during peace, creating a need for appropriate responses by those involved in conservation management. With both the occurrence and violence of conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa increasing, the impacts of warfare are pertinent to both the immediate and long-term management of biological resources in the region.

Copyright
Corresponding author
email: mdh@soton.ac.uk
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: