Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Livestock predation by jaguars Panthera onca in south-eastern Mexico: the role of local peoples’ practices

  • Juan L. Peña-Mondragón (a1), Alicia Castillo (a1), Almira Hoogesteijn (a2) and Enrique Martínez-Meyer (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

Inadequate livestock husbandry practices threaten the maintenance of global biodiversity and provoke conflicts between people and wildlife, and large carnivorous mammals are among the most affected. The jaguar Panthera onca is one of the most threatened species in the Americas, being targeted by livestock producers who suffer economic losses as a result of predation. The way in which rural producers in countries such as Mexico conduct husbandry practices may influence levels of predation by jaguars. Our objective was to understand how such practices are conducted in the Selva Lacandona in south-eastern Mexico, to identify their influence on the vulnerability of livestock to predation by jaguars. We characterized local husbandry practices through participant observation, interviews and surveys. Our results show that the most important practices that make livestock vulnerable to predation include the location of grazing lands close to forested areas and water sources, the absence of practices for the proper disposal of carcasses, and poor control of calving and care of calves. Our recommendations include monitoring of livestock movements and synchronization of calving. Economic investment and behavioural change can be accomplished through capacity building and providing people with the means to monitor and manage their livestock. Small actions can reduce livestock losses and improve the economic circumstances of rural people, and thus increase their tolerance and respect towards jaguars.

Copyright
Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail castillo@cieco.unam.mx
Footnotes
Hide All
To view supplementary material for this article, please visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605315001088
Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

F.C.C. Azevedo & D.L. Murray (2007) Evaluation of potential factors predisposing livestock to predation by jaguars. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 23792386.

A. Burgas , R. Amit & B.C. Lopez (2014) Do attacks by jaguars Panthera onca and pumas Puma concolor (Carnivora: Felidae) on livestock correlate with species richness and relative abundance of wild prey? Revista Biología Tropical, 62, 14591467.

V.A. Conforti & F.C.C. Azevedo (2003) Local perceptions of jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) in the Iguaçu National Park area, south Brazil. Biological Conservation, 111, 215221.

R. Hoogesteijn & A. Hoogesteijn (2008) Conflicts between cattle ranching and large predators in Venezuela: could use of water buffalo facilitate felid conservation? Oryx, 42, 132138.

V. Hull , J. Zhang , S. Zhou , J. Huang , A. Viña , W. Liu (2014) Impact of livestock on giant pandas and their habitat. Journal for Nature Conservation, 22, 256264.

F.B. Palmeira , P.G. Crawshaw Jr, C.M. Haddad , K.M.P. Ferraz & L.M. Verdade (2008) Cattle depredation by puma (Puma concolor) and jaguar (Panthera onca) in central-western Brazil. Biological Conservation, 141, 118125.

J.L. Peña-Mondragón & A. Castillo (2013) Livestock predation by jaguars and other carnivores in Northeastern Mexico. Therya, 4, 431446.

W.J. Ripple , J.A. Estes , R.L. Beschta , C.C. Wilmers , E.G. Ritchie , M. Hebblewhite (2014) Status and ecological effects of the world's largest carnivores. Science, 343, 1241484.

J.E. Sander , M.C. Warbington & L.M. Myers (2002) Selected methods of animal carcass disposal. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 220, 10031005.

M. Schiess-Meier , S. Ramsauer , T. Gabanapelo & B. König (2007) Livestock predation—insights from problem animal control registers in Botswana. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 12671274.

Y.H. Soh , L.R. Carrasco , D.G. Miquelle , J. Jiang , J. Yang , E.J. Stokes (2014) Spatial correlates of livestock depredation by Amur tigers in Hunchun, China: relevance of prey density and implications for protected area management. Biological Conservation, 169, 117127.

S. Thirgood , R. Woodroffe & A. Rabinowitz (2005) The impact of human–wildlife conflict on human lives and livelihoods. In People and Wildlife. Conflict or Coexistence? (eds R. Woodroffe , S. Thirgood & A. Rabinowitz ), pp. 1326. Cambridge University Press, New York, USA.

F.R. Tortato , V.M.G. Layme , P.G. Crawshaw Jr & T.J. Izzo (2015) The impact of herd composition and foraging area on livestock predation by big cats in the Pantanal of Brazil. Animal Conservation, 18, 539547.

L. Van Bommel , M.D. Bij de Vaate , W.F. De Boer & H.H. De Iongh (2007) Factors affecting livestock predation by lions in Cameroon. African Journal of Ecology, 45, 490498.

R. Woodroffe (2000) Predators and people: using human densities to interpret declines of large carnivores. Animal Conservation, 3, 165173.

M.M. Zarco-González , O. Monroy-Vilchis & J. Alaníz (2013) Spatial model of livestock predation by jaguar and puma in Mexico: conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 159, 8087.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Peña-Mondragón supplementary material
Peña-Mondragón supplementary material 1

 PDF (1.1 MB)
1.1 MB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 40 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 251 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 29th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.