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    Mohamad, Shariff Wan Rayan, D. Mark Christopher, Wong Chai Thiam Hamirul, Muhamad Mohamed, Azlan Lau, Ching Fong and Siwan, Elangkumaran Sagtia 2015. The first description of population density and habitat use of the mainland clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa within a logged-primary forest in South East Asia. Population Ecology, Vol. 57, Issue. 3, p. 495.

    Hubbard, Chris Naples, Virginia Ross, Erin and Carlon, Burcu 2009. Comparative Analysis of Paw Pad Structure in the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and Domestic Cat (Felis catus). The Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 292, Issue. 8, p. 1213.

    Christiansen, Per 2008. Evolutionary convergence of primitive sabertooth craniomandibular morphology: the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and Paramachairodus ogygia compared. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Vol. 15, Issue. 3, p. 155.

    Choudhury, Anwaruddin 1993. The clouded leopard in Assam. Oryx, Vol. 27, Issue. 01, p. 51.


The clouded leopard in Nepal

  • Eric Dinerstein (a1) and Jai N. Mehta (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2009

Clouded leopards were believed to be extinct in Nepal, the last published record being from 1863, but in 1987–1988 four individuals were found in the country. These findings extend the known range of the species westward and suggest that clouded leopards are able to survive and breed in degraded woodlands and scrub previously supporting moist subtropical semi-deciduous forest. One of the clouded leopards was radio-collared, the first free-ranging individual to be so, and tracked for several days after its release in Royal Chitwan National Park. The translocation was unsuccessful—the leopard rapidly travelled towards the site from which it was captured.

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E. Dinerstein 1980. An ecological survey of the Royal Bardia Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. II. Habitat/animal interactions. Biol. Conserv. 16, 265300.

S. Raffles 1821. Descriptive catalogue of a zoological collection made in Sumatra. Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 13, 239274.

J. Seidensticker 1976. On the ecological separation between tigers and leopards. Biotropica, 8, 225234.

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  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
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