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Gill monogenean communities (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) of butterflyfishes from tropical Indo-West Pacific Islands

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 August 2016

MIRIAM REVERTER*
Affiliation:
CRIOBE, USR3278-EPHE/CNRS/UPVD, Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL), University of Perpignan Via Domitia, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France Laboratoire d'Excellence ‘CORAIL’, 98729 Moorea, French Polynesia
SCOTT C. CUTMORE
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
RODNEY BRAY
Affiliation:
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
THOMAS H. CRIBB
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
PIERRE SASAL
Affiliation:
CRIOBE, USR3278-EPHE/CNRS/UPVD, Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL), University of Perpignan Via Domitia, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France Laboratoire d'Excellence ‘CORAIL’, 98729 Moorea, French Polynesia
*
*Corresponding author: CRIOBE, USR3278-EPHE/CNRS/UPVD, Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL), University of Perpignan Via Domitia, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France. E-mail: mirireverter@gmail.com

Summary

We studied the monogenean communities of 34 species of butterflyfish from the tropical Indo-West Pacific, identifying 13 dactylogyrid species (including two species that are presently undescribed). Monogenean assemblages differed significantly between host species in terms of taxonomic structure, intensity and prevalence. Parasite richness ranged from 0 (Chaetodon lunulatus) to 11 (C. auriga, C. citrinellus and C. lunula). Host specificity varied between the dactylogyrids species, being found on 2–29 of the 34 chaetodontid species examined. Sympatric butterflyfish species were typically parasitized by different combinations of dactylogyrid species, suggesting the existence of complex host–parasite interactions. We identified six clusters of butterflyfish species based on the similarities of their dactylogyrid communities. Dactylogyrid richness and diversity were not related to host size, diet specialization, depth range or phylogeny of butterflyfish species. However, there was a weak positive correlation between monogenean richness and diversity and host geographical range. Most communities of dactylogyrids were dominated by Haliotrema aurigae and H. angelopterum, indicating the importance of the genus Haliotrema in shaping monogenean communities of butterflyfishes. This study casts light on the structure of the monogenean communities of butterflyfishes, suggesting that the diversity and complexity of community structures arises from a combination of host species-specific parameters.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016 

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Gill monogenean communities (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) of butterflyfishes from tropical Indo-West Pacific Islands
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