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A new actinospore type Unicapsulactinomyxon (Myxozoa), infecting the marine polychaete, Diopatra neapolitana (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) in the Aveiro Estuary (Portugal)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 February 2011

LUÍS F. RANGEL
Affiliation:
CIMAR – Laboratório Associado/CIIMAR – Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, Rua dos Bragas, 177, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal
GÁBOR CECH
Affiliation:
Fish Pathological Research Team, Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences 1143, Budapest, Hungária krt. 21, Hungary
CSABA SZÉKELY
Affiliation:
Fish Pathological Research Team, Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences 1143, Budapest, Hungária krt. 21, Hungary
MARIA J. SANTOS*
Affiliation:
CIMAR – Laboratório Associado/CIIMAR – Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, Rua dos Bragas, 177, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Biologia, Rua do Campo Alegre, s/n, FC4, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
*
*Corresponding author: Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Biologia, Rua do Campo Alegre, s/n, FC4, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal. Tel: +351 220402805. Fax: +351 220402709. E-mail: mjsantos@fc.up.pt

Summary

This work reports a new type of actinospore, Unicapsulactinomyxon, which exhibits a unique morphological characteristic in that it has a single and large polar capsule (9·3×4·1 μm) (which possesses a longitudinally-folded polar filament) instead of the 3 polar capsules previously described for actinosporeans. The spore has a binucleated sporoplasm and 3 valves, each of which forms a long process. The spore has a total length of 241·3 μm. This parasite develops in groups of 8 inside pansporocysts in the coelomic cavity of the polychaete host. Molecular investigations on the SSU rDNA show that the new actinospore type is most closely related to Enteromyxum species (81–84% similarity). A survey of actinospore infections of the marine polychaete Diopatra neapolitana in 2007 and 2009, in the Aveiro Estuary (Portugal), showed an annual prevalence of 1·0% and 0·3%, respectively.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011

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A new actinospore type Unicapsulactinomyxon (Myxozoa), infecting the marine polychaete, Diopatra neapolitana (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) in the Aveiro Estuary (Portugal)
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A new actinospore type Unicapsulactinomyxon (Myxozoa), infecting the marine polychaete, Diopatra neapolitana (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) in the Aveiro Estuary (Portugal)
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A new actinospore type Unicapsulactinomyxon (Myxozoa), infecting the marine polychaete, Diopatra neapolitana (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) in the Aveiro Estuary (Portugal)
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