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Antibody is responsible for the passive transfer of immunity to mice from rabbits, rats or mice vaccinated with attenuated Schistosoma japonicum cercariae

  • N. A. Moloney (a1) and G. Webbe (a1)
Summary
SUMMARY

Sera from rabbits, rats and mice multiply-vaccinated with attenuated cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum conferred high levels of resistance against challenge to naive recipient mice (up to 97, 64 and 60% respectively). Vaccinated rabbit and rat sera were given before challenge and vaccinated mouse serum 5 days after challenge. To show that the protective factors in these sera were antibodies, vaccinated rabbit and mouse sera were fractionated by protein A-Sepharose and the fractions precipitated by 50% ammonium sulphate. The protein A-Sepharose binding or non-binding fractions in vaccinated rabbit serum transferred approximately equal levels of significant resistance to mice, suggesting that both the IgG and non-IgG components of vaccinated rabbit serum are protective. The major part of the protective activity in vaccinated mouse serum was transferred to recipients by the protein A-Sepharose binding fraction, i.e. the IgG antibodies. Heat inactivation of sera at 56 °C for 3 h affected the protective capacity of vaccinated rat sera, but not that of vaccinated rabbit or mouse sera.

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References
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Moloney N. A., Bickle Q. D. & Webbe G. (1985). The induction of specific immunity against Schistosoma japonicum by the exposure of mice to ultraviolet attenuated cercariae. Parasitology 90, 313–23.
Moloney N. A., Hinchcliffe P. & Webbe G. (1987 b). Passive transfer of resistance to mice with sera from rabbits, rats or mice vaccinated with ultraviolet-attenuated cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum. Parasitology 94, 497508.
Moloney N. A., Webbe C. & Hinchcliffe P. (1987 a). The induction of species-specific immunity against Schistosoma japonicum by exposure of rats to ultraviolet attenuated cercariae. Parasitology 94, 4954.
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Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
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