Haq, Sameena Z.H. Abushahama, Muftah S. Gerwash, Omar Hughes, Jacqueline M. Wright, Elizabeth A. Elmahaishi, Mohamed S. Lun, Zhao-Rong Thomasson, Denise and Hide, Geoff 2016. High frequency detection of Toxoplasma gondii DNA in human neonatal tissue from Libya. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 110, Issue. 9, p. 551.
Hide, Geoff 2016. Role of vertical transmission ofToxoplasma gondiiin prevalence of infection. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy, Vol. 14, Issue. 3, p. 335.
Müller, Urs B and Howard, Jonathan C 2016. The impact of Toxoplasma gondii on the mammalian genome. Current Opinion in Microbiology, Vol. 32, p. 19.
BAJNOK, J. BOYCE, K. ROGAN, M. T. CRAIG, P. S. LUN, Z. R. and HIDE, G. 2015. Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in localized populations of Apodemus sylvaticus is linked to population genotype not to population location. Parasitology, Vol. 142, Issue. 05, p. 680.
Donahoe, Shannon L. Lindsay, Scott A. Krockenberger, Mark Phalen, David and Šlapeta, Jan 2015. A review of neosporosis and pathologic findings of Neospora caninum infection in wildlife. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, Vol. 4, Issue. 2, p. 216.
Boyce, K. Hide, G. Craig, P.S. Reynolds, C. Hussain, M. Bodell, A.J. Bradshaw, H. Pickles, A. and Rogan, M.T. 2014. A molecular and ecological analysis of the trematode Plagiorchis elegans in the wood mouse Apodemus sylvaticus from a periaquatic ecosystem in the UK. Journal of Helminthology, Vol. 88, Issue. 03, p. 310.
Dodd, Nicole S. Lord, Jennifer S. Jehle, Robert Parker, Steven Parker, Fiona Brooks, Darren R. and Hide, Geoff 2014. Toxoplasma gondii: Prevalence in species and genotypes of British bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus and P. pygmaeus). Experimental Parasitology, Vol. 139, p. 6.
GOTTELAND, CÉCILE CHAVAL, YANNICK VILLENA, ISABELLE GALAN, MAXIME GEERS, RÉGINE AUBERT, DOMINIQUE POULLE, MARIE-LAZARINE CHARBONNEL, NATHALIE and GILOT-FROMONT, EMMANUELLE 2014. Species or local environment, what determines the infection of rodents by Toxoplasma gondii?. Parasitology, Vol. 141, Issue. 02, p. 259.
Morger, Jennifer Bajnok, Jaroslav Boyce, Kellyanne Craig, Philip S. Rogan, Michael T. Lun, Zhao-Rong Hide, Geoff and Tschirren, Barbara 2014. Naturally occurring Toll-like receptor 11 (TLR11) and Toll-like receptor 12 (TLR12) polymorphisms are not associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild wood mice. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Vol. 26, p. 180.
Nishiyama, S. Dutia, B. M. Stewart, J. P. Meredith, A. L. Shaw, D. J. Simmonds, P. and Sharp, C. P. 2014. Identification of novel anelloviruses with broad diversity in UK rodents. Journal of General Virology, Vol. 95, Issue. Pt_7, p. 1544.
Wang, Tao Gao, Jiang-Mei Yi, Si-Qi Geng, Guo-Qing Gao, Xiao-Jie Shen, Ji-Long Lu, Fang-Li Wen, Yan-Zi Hide, Geoff and Lun, Zhao-Rong 2014. Toxoplasma gondii infection in the peritoneal macrophages of rats treated with glucocorticoids. Parasitology Research, Vol. 113, Issue. 1, p. 351.
Almería, Sonia 2013. Neospora caninumand Wildlife. ISRN Parasitology, Vol. 2013, p. 1.
STUART, PETER ZINTL, ANNETTA WAAL, THEO DE MULCAHY, GRACE HAWKINS, CONALL and LAWTON, COLIN 2013. Investigating the role of wild carnivores in the epidemiology of bovine neosporosis. Parasitology, Vol. 140, Issue. 03, p. 296.
BOYCE, K. HIDE, G. CRAIG, P. S. HARRIS, P. D. REYNOLDS, C. PICKLES, A. and ROGAN, M. T. 2012. Identification of a new species of digenean Notocotylus malhamensis n. sp. (Digenea: Notocotylidae) from the bank vole (Myodes glareolus) and the field vole (Microtus agrestis). Parasitology, Vol. 139, Issue. 12, p. 1630.
Meng, Q.L. Qiao, J. Wang, W.S. Chen, C.F. Zhang, Z.C. Cai, K.J. Cai, X.P. Tian, G.F. Tian, Z.Z. and Yang, L.H. 2012. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in Tarim Red Deer (Cervus elaphus yarkandensis) from Xinjiang Province, Northwest China. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, Vol. 11, Issue. 7, p. 912.
XU, M. J. LIU, Q. Y. FU, J. H. NISBET, A. J. SHI, D. S. HE, X. H. PAN, Y. ZHOU, D. H. SONG, H. Q. and ZHU, X. Q. 2012. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infection in dairy cows in subtropical southern China. Parasitology, Vol. 139, Issue. 11, p. 1425.
The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii is prevalent worldwide and can infect a remarkably wide range of hosts despite felids being the only definitive host. As cats play a major role in transmission to secondary mammalian hosts, the interaction between cats and these hosts should be a major factor determining final prevalence in the secondary host. This study investigates the prevalence of T. gondii in a natural population of Apodemus sylvaticus collected from an area with low cat density (<2·5 cats/km2). A surprisingly high prevalence of 40·78% (95% CI: 34·07%–47·79%) was observed despite this. A comparable level of prevalence was observed in a previously published study using the same approaches where a prevalence of 59% (95% CI: 50·13%–67·87%) was observed in a natural population of Mus domesticus from an area with high cat density (>500 cats/km2). Detection of infected foetuses from pregnant dams in both populations suggests that congenital transmission may enable persistence of infection in the absence of cats. The prevalences of the related parasite, Neospora caninum were found to be low in both populations (A. sylvaticus: 3·39% (95% CI: 0·12%–6·66%); M. domesticus: 3·08% (95% CI: 0·11%–6·05%)). These results suggest that cat density may have a lower than expected effect on final prevalence in these ecosystems.
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