Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

The impact of socio-cultural factors on transmission of Taenia spp. and Echinococcus granulosus in Kosovo

  • M. ALISHANI (a1) (a2), K. SHERIFI (a1), A. REXHEPI (a1), A. HAMIDI (a1), M. T. ARMUA-FERNANDEZ (a2), F. GRIMM (a2), D. HEGGLIN (a2) and P. DEPLAZES (a2)...
Summary

Echinococcus granulosus sensu latu (s.l.) and Taenia hydatigena are common parasites of ruminant intermediate hosts in the Balkans. Transmission is linked mainly to home slaughtering and the feeding of infected organs to dogs. In Kosovo, many old sheep are slaughtered particularly during Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice). To determine whether this tradition could affect parasite transmission, we compared the probability of 504 dogs to contract taenid infections after deworming during one period before Eid al-Adha and a similar period beginning with this event. Initially, taeniid eggs were detected in 6·2% (CI 4·2–8·6) of the dogs. The prevalence before Eid al-Adha was significantly lower (1·2%, CI 0·4–2·6) as compared with the prevalence after the event (4·3%, CI 2·6–6·3). A comparable trend was apparent at species level for T. hydatigena and E. granulosus. These results indicate that the pronounced increase of taeniid infections, including E. granulosus s.l., after Eid al-Adha is linked to traditional home slaughtering that occurs during this celebration. This particular epidemiological situation provides an opportunity for implementing focussed control activities.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The impact of socio-cultural factors on transmission of Taenia spp. and Echinococcus granulosus in Kosovo
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The impact of socio-cultural factors on transmission of Taenia spp. and Echinococcus granulosus in Kosovo
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The impact of socio-cultural factors on transmission of Taenia spp. and Echinococcus granulosus in Kosovo
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Institute of Parasitology, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH-8057 Zürich, Switzerland. E-mail: deplazesp@access.uzh.ch
Footnotes
Hide All

These authors contributed equally to this work.

Present address: Laboratorio de Vectores y Enfermedades transmitidas, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Calma, C. L., Neghina, A. M., Vlaicu, B. and Neghina, R. (2011). Cystic echinococcosis in the human population of a western Romanian county, 2004–2010. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 17, 17311734. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03633.x.
Campos-Bueno, A., Lopez-Abente, G. and Andres-Cercadillo, A. M. (2000). Risk factors for Echinococcus granulosus infection: a case-control study. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62, 329334.
Carmona, C., Perdomo, R., Carbo, A., Alvarez, C., Monti, J., Grauert, R., Stern, D., Perera, G., Lloyd, S., Bazini, R., Gemmell, M. A. and Yarzabal, L. (1998). Risk factors associated with human cystic echinococcosis in Florida, Uruguay: results of a mass screening study using ultrasound and serology. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 58, 599605.
Clopper, C. J. and Pearson, E. S. (1934). The use of confidence or fiducial limits illustrated in the case of the binomial. Biometrika 26, 404413.
Craig, P., Mastin, A., van Kesteren, F. and Boufana, B. (2015). Echinococcus granulosus: epidemiology and state-of-the-art of diagnostics in animals. Veterinary Parasitology 213, 132148. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.07.028.
Craig, P. S. and Larrieu, E. (2006). Control of cystic echinococcosis/hydatidosis: 1863–2002. Advances in Parasitology 61, 443508.
Deplazes, P., Gottstein, B., Stingelin, Y. and Eckert, J. (1990). Detection of Taenia hydatigena copro-antigens by ELISA in dogs. Veterinary Parasitogy 36, 91103.
Dowling, P. M. and Torgerson, P. R. (2000). A cross-sectional survey to analyse the risk factors associated with human cystic echinococcosis in an endemic area of mid-Wales. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 94, 241245.
Hamidi, A., Sherifi, K., Sylejmani, D., Latifi, F., Leps, J. and Fries, R. (2010). Fasciolosis, dicroceliosis, cystic echinococcosis and cysticerkosis by slaughtered cattle in Kosovo [In German]. Rundschau fur Fleischhygiene und Lebensmittelüberwachung 4, 115117.
Harandi, M. F., Moazezi, S. S., Saba, M., Grimm, F., Kamyabi, H., Sheikhzadeh, F., Sharifi, I. and Deplazes, P. (2011). Sonographical and serological survey of human cystic echinococcosis and analysis of risk factors associated with seroconversion in Rural Communities of Kerman, Iran. Zoonoses and Public Health 58, 582588. doi: 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2011.01407.x.
Macpherson, C. N. L. (2005). Human behaviour and the epidemiology of parasitic zoonoses. International Journal for Parasitology 35, 13191331.
Mathis, A., Deplazes, P. and Eckert, J. (1996). An improved test system for PCR-based specific detection of Echinococcus multilocularis eggs. Journal of Helminthology 70, 219222.
Moro, P. L., Cavero, C. A., Tambini, M., Briceno, Y., Jimenez, R. and Cabrera, L. (2008). Identification of risk factors for cystic echinococcosis in a peri-urban population of Peru. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 102, 7578. doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2007.09.010.
Otero-Abad, B. and Torgerson, P. R. (2013). A systematic review of the epidemiology of echinococcosis in domestic and wild animals. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7. doi: e2249 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002249.
Pilaca, A., Vyshka, G., Pepa, A., Shytaj, K., Shtjefni, V., Boçari, A., Beqiri, A. and Kraja, D. (2014). A neglected zoonosis in Albania: why echinococcosis is becoming a surgeon's exclusivity. Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases 6, e2014013.
Rafiei, A., Hemadi, A., Maraghi, S., Kaikhaei, B. and Craig, P. (2007). Human cystic echinococcosis in nomads of south-west Islamic Republic of Iran. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 13, 4148.
Schwabe, C. W. (1986). Current status of hydatid disease: A zoonosis of increasing importance. In The Biology of Echinococcus and Hydatid Disease (ed. Thompson, R. C. A.), pp. 81113. George Allan & Unwin, London.
Sherifi, K. (2006). The occurrence of Echinococcus granulosus in dogs and cystic echinococcosis in cattle and sheep in Kosova [In German] . Vet.-med. thesis, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin. p. 103.
Sherifi, K., Rexhepi, A., Hamidi, A., Behluli, B., Zessin, K. H., Mathis, A. and Deplazes, P. (2011). Detection of patent infections of Echinococcus granulosus (‘sheep-strain’, G1) in naturally infected dogs in Kosovo. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 124, 518521. doi: 10.2376/0005-9366-124-518.
Sotiraki, S. and Chaligiannis, I. (2010). Cystic echinococcosis in Greece. Parasite-Journal De La Societe Francaise De Parasitologie 17, 205210.
Stefanic, S., Shaikenov, B. S., Deplazes, P., Dinkel, A., Torgerson, P. R. and Mathis, A. (2004). Polymerase chain reaction for detection of patent infections of Echinococcus granulosus (‘sheep strain’) in naturally infected dogs. Parasitology Research 92, 347351. doi: 10.1007/s00436-003-1043-y.
Thompson, R. C. A. (2017). Biology and Systematics of Echinococcus . In: Echinococcus and Echinococcosis, Advances in Parasitology, Part A (ed. Thompson, R. C. A., Deplazes, P. and Lymbery, A. J.), Vol. 95, pp. 65110.
Todorov, T. and Boeva, V. (1999). Human echinococcosis in Bulgaria: a comparative epidemiological analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 77, 110118.
Torgerson, P. R., Ziadinov, I., Aknazarov, D., Nurgaziev, R. and Deplazes, P. (2009). Modelling the age variation of larval protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in sheep. International Journal for Parasitology 39, 10311035. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2009.01.004.
Trachsel, D., Deplazes, P. and Mathis, A. (2007). Identification of taeniid eggs in the faeces from carnivores based on multiplex PCR using targets in mitochondrial DNA. Parasitology 134, 911920. doi: 10.1017/s0031182007002235.
Wang, Y. H., Rogan, M. T., Vuitton, D. A., Wen, H., Bartholomot, B., Macpherson, C. N. L., Zou, P. F., Ding, Z. X., Zhou, H. X., Zhang, X. F., Luo, J., Xiong, H. B., Fu, Y., McVie, A., Giraudoux, P., Yang, W. G. and Craig, P. S. (2001). Cystic echinococcosis in semi-nomadic pastoral communities in north-west China. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 95, 153158. doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(01)90142-7.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed