Light and transmission electron microscopy revealed pericytes of brain capillaries of moles (Talpa europaea L., 1758) as parasitized intracellularly. These host cells were enlarged and of globular or ellipsoid shape, and incorporated a cell-within-cell sequence of primary, secondary and, rarely found, tertiary developmental stages of an eukaryotic organism. Other stages like spores were not discovered either in brain or in other organs. Due to the vertebrate host, and the parasitic cells showing the enveloped state this parasite can be classified as belonging to the Myxozoa rather than Paramyxea. Since spores, which would allow an exact identification of the parasite, could not be detected and mammals are very unusual hosts for Myxozoa, the parasite was designated a myxozoan-like organism.
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