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Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska: XXV. The ecology and public health significance of Echinococcus sibiricensis Rausch & Schiller, 1954, on St Lawrence Island

  • Robert Rausch (a1) and Everett L. Schiller (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2009

It is concluded that E. sibiricensis is the etiologic agent of alveolar hydatid disease in man. The cestode has a wide distribution in Eurasia, and St Lawrence Island apparently represents the north-easternmost extent of its range. The study of the cestode in Europe has been complicated by the co-existence of E. granulosus, which does not occur on St Lawrence Island. Microtine rodents, particularly Microtus spp. and Clethrionomys rutilus, are the natural intermediate hosts of this cestode, although other species of mammals, including man, are parasitized with varying degrees of success on the part of the larval cestode.

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I. Barabash-Nikiforov (1938). Mammals of the Commander Islands and the surrounding sea. J. Mammal. 19, 423–9.

R. Rausch (1951). Biotic interrelationships of helminth parasitism. Publ. Hlth Rep., Wash., 66, 928–34.

R. Rausch (1952). Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska. XI. Helminth parasites of microtine rodents—taxonomic considerations. J. Parasit. 38, 514–44.

R. Rausch (1953 a). On the land mammals of St Lawrence Island, Alaska. Murrelet, 34, 1826.

R. Rausch (1954). Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska. XX. The histogenesis of the alveolar larva of Echinococcus species. J. Infect. Dis. 94, 178–86.

R. Rausch & E. L. Schiller (1951). Hydatid disease (Echinococcosis) in Alaska and the importance of rodent intermediate hosts. Science, 113, 57–8.

R. Rausch & E. L. Schiller (1954). Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska. XXIV. Echinococcus sibiricensis n.sp., from St Lawrence Island. J. Parasit. 40, 659–62.

E. L. Schiller (1954). Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska. XIX. An experimental study on blowfly (Phormia regina) transmission of hydatid disease. Exp. Parasit. 3, 161–6.

L. Stejneger (1884). Contributions to the history of the Commander Islands. No. 1. Notes on the natural history, including the descriptions of new cetaceans. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 6, 5889.

L. J. Thomas , B. B. Babero , V. Gallicchio & R. J. Lacey (1954). Echinococcosis on St Lawrence Island, Alaska. (Communication.) Science, 120, 1102–3.

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