Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 12
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kassahun, Aysheshm Sadlova, Jovana Dvorak, Vit Kostalova, Tatiana Rohousova, Iva Frynta, Daniel Aghova, Tatiana Yasur-Landau, Daniel Lemma, Wessenseged Hailu, Asrat Baneth, Gad Warburg, Alon Volf, Petr and Votypka, Jan 2015. Detection of Leishmania donovani and L. tropica in Ethiopian wild rodents. Acta Tropica, Vol. 145, p. 39.

    Mitchell, Peter 2015. Did disease constrain the spread of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) into Sub-Saharan Africa?. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, Vol. 50, Issue. 1, p. 92.

    Babiker, A. M. Ravagnan, S. Fusaro, A. Hassan, M. M. Bakheit, S. M. Mukhtar, M. M. Cattoli, G. and Capelli, G. 2014. Concomitant Infection withLeishmania donovaniandL. majorin Single Ulcers of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Patients from Sudan. Journal of Tropical Medicine, Vol. 2014, p. 1.

    Baleela, Rania Llewellyn, Martin S Fitzpatrick, Sinead Kuhls, Katrin Schönian, Gabriele Miles, Michael A and Mauricio, Isabel L 2014. Leishmania donovani populations in Eastern Sudan: temporal structuring and a link between human and canine transmission. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 7, Issue. 1,

    García, Nerea Moreno, Inmaculada Alvarez, Julio de la Cruz, María Luisa Navarro, Alejandro García-Seco, Teresa Rodríguez-Bertos, Antonio Conty, María Luisa Prieto, Antonio Domínguez, Lucas and Domínguez, Mercedes 2014. Evidence ofLeishmania infantumInfection in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in a Natural Area in Madrid, Spain. BioMed Research International, Vol. 2014, p. 1.

    Lemma, Wossenseged Tekie, Habte Abassi, Ibrahim Balkew, Meshesha Gebre-Michael, Teshome Warburg, Alon and Hailu, Asrat 2014. Nocturnal activities and host preferences of Phlebotomus orientalis in extra-domestic habitats of Kafta-Humera lowlands, Kala-azar endemic, Northwest Ethiopia. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 7, Issue. 1,

    Aït-Oudhia, K. Harrat, Z. Benikhlef, R. Dedet, J.P. and Pratlong, F. 2011. Canine Leishmania infantum enzymatic polymorphism: A review including 1023 strains of the Mediterranean area, with special reference to Algeria. Acta Tropica, Vol. 118, Issue. 2, p. 80.

    Elnaiem, Dia-Eldin A. 2011. Ecology and control of the sand fly vectors of Leishmania donovani in East Africa, with special emphasis on Phlebotomus orientalis. Journal of Vector Ecology, Vol. 36, p. S23.

    Clark, Howard O. Murdoch, James D. Newman, Darren P. and Sillero-Zubiri, Claudio 2009. Vulpes corsac (Carnivora: Canidae). Mammalian Species, Vol. 832, p. 1.

    Hassan, M. M. Elamin, E. M. and Mukhtar, M. M. 2008. Isolation and identification ofLeishmania donovanifromPhlebotomus orientalis, in an area of eastern Sudan with endemic visceral leishmaniasis. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, Vol. 102, Issue. 6, p. 553.

    Sobrino, R. Ferroglio, E. Oleaga, A. Romano, A. Millan, J. Revilla, M. Arnal, M.C. Trisciuoglio, A. and Gortázar, C. 2008. Characterization of widespread canine leishmaniasis among wild carnivores from Spain. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 155, Issue. 3-4, p. 198.

    Hassan, M. M. Widaa, S. O. Ibrahim, M. A. Abu Shara, R. Osman, O. M. Numairy, M. S. M. and El Khider, E. T. M. 2007. Studies on the ecology of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Sudan: the first records ofPhlebotomus orientalisandP. rodhainiin northern Sudan. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, Vol. 101, Issue. 7, p. 653.


The Egyptian mongoose, Herpestes ichneumon, is a possible reservoir host of visceral leishmaniasis in eastern Sudan

  • D. A. ELNAIEM (a1) (a2) (a3), M. M. HASSAN (a1), R. MAINGON (a2), G. H. NURELDIN (a1), A. M. MEKAWI (a1), M. MILES (a4) and R. D. WARD (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 August 2001

Investigations were made on possible reservoir hosts of Leishmania donovani in 2 zoonotic foci of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Dinder National Park (DNP) and the peri-domestic habitats of adjacent villages of eastern Sudan. Animals were captured, in November 1997–1998 and April–May 1999 and examined for L. donovani infection using light microscopy and 2 sensitive Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) systems. Microscopy and PCR investigations were also used to determine the infection rates of L. donovani in Phlebotomus orientalis captured from the uninhabited site of DNP. Infections of L. donovani were detected in 2 out of 14 Egyptian mongooses (Herpestes ichneumon), 1 out of 168 Arviconthus niloticus and 1 out of 8 Mastomys natalensis. Samples from 68 other animals captured from the study area were all negative for the infection. Active zoonotic transmission of L. donovani at the time of animal sampling in the uninhabited site of DNP was demonstrated by finding the parasite in 3.4% (7 out of 184) and 3.2% (5 out of 157) of flies collected in March 1998 and May 1999, respectively. We suggest that the Egyptian mongoose is a possible reservoir host of L. donovani. The importance of other animals in maintaining the infection is also discussed.

Corresponding author
Corresponding author: School of Life Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK. Tel: +44 1782 58 3417. Fax: +44 1782 58 3516. E-mail:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *