Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-77ffc5d9c7-6tv98 Total loading time: 0.336 Render date: 2021-04-22T21:48:42.374Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Hybrid Regimes for Local Public Goods Provision: A Framework for Analysis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2017

Abstract

There is a growing recognition that the state is not the sole provider of “local public goods” such as water and education in the developing world. Mainstream approaches to the study of local public goods provision, however, have yet to incorporate these insights. We offer a descriptive typology of hybrid local public goods regimes, or systems in which both state and non-state actors contribute to provision. It emphasizes two dimensions: the type of state involvement (direct versus indirect provision), and the degree of formal state penetration. The politics of producing local public goods, we argue, takes on distinct forms in each cell. The framework allows scholars to develop more accurate and precise explanations of variation in service quality and access, and to choose more appropriate outcome measures. We illustrate the utility of this framework by analyzing distinct hybrid regimes for water and sanitation, and mass transit in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Type
Special Section: Problems of the State in the Developing World
Copyright
Copyright © American Political Science Association 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Acey, Charisma. 2011. “The Challenge to Delivery of Public Goods in Rapidly Expanding Cities in Africa: Financing and Implementing Water and Sanitation Policies in Lagos, Nigeria.” Prepared for the 4th European Conference on African Studies, Uppsala, Sweden, June 15–18.
Alesina, Alberto, Devleeschauwer, Arnaud, Easterly, William, Kurlat, Sergio, and Wacziarg, Romain. 2003. “Fractionalization.” Journal of Economic Growth 8(2): 155–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
al-Hamdi, Mohamed I. and Alaerts, Guy J.. 2000. “Structure and Cost of the Water Supply Market in Sana’a City, Yemen.”In Building Partnerships, 110. American Society of Civil Engineers. DOI: /10.1061/40517(2000)241.Google Scholar
Anand, Nikhil. 2011. “Pressure: The PoliTechnics of Water Supply in Mumbai.” Cultural Anthropology 26(4): 542–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Angueletou-Marteau, Anastasia. 2008. “Informal Water Suppliers Meeting Water Needs in the Peri-Urban Territories of Mumbai, an Indian Perspective.” Available at https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00363464/document.
Asian Development Bank. 2012. “The State of Pacific Towns and Cities: Urbanization in ADB’s Pacific Developing Member Countries.” 978-92-9092-871–3. Pacific Studies. Asian Development Bank.
Bakker, Karen. 2003. “Archipelagos and Networks: Urbanization and Water Privatization in the South.” Geographical Journal 169(4): 328–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bakker, Karen. 2007. “Trickle Down? Private Sector Participation and the pro-Poor Water Supply Debate in Jakarta, Indonesia.” Geoforum 38(5): 855–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baldwin, Kate and Huber, John D.. 2010. “Economic versus Cultural Differences: Forms of Ethnic Diversity and Public Goods Provision.” American Political Science Review 104(04): 644–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barter, Paul A. 2008. “Public Planning with Business Delivery of Excellent Urban Public Transport.” Policy and Society 27(2): 103–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bayliss, Kate. 2008. “Water and Electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa.” In Privatization and Alternative Public Sector Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Delivering on Electricity and Water. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berg, Caroline Van den and Danilenko, Alexander. 2011. The IBNET Water Supply and Sanitation Performance Blue Book: The International Benchmarking Network of Water and Sanitation Utilities Databook. World Bank Publications.Google Scholar
Bjorkman, Lisa. 2015. Pipe Politics, Contested Waters: Embedded Infrastructures of Millenial Mumbai. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brass, Jennifer. 2012. “Blurring Boundaries: The Integration of NGOs into Kenyan Governance.” Governance 25(2): 209–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brinkerhoff, Derick W. and Brinkerhoff, Jennifer M.. 2011. “Public-Private Partnerships: Perspectives on Purposes, Publicness, and Good Governance.” Public Administration and Development 31: 214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bueno, Natália S. 2017. “Bypassing the Enemy: Distributive Politics, Credit Claiming, and Nonstate Organizations in Brazil.” Comparative Political Studies. DOI: 10.1177/0010414017710255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burt, Zachary and Ray, Isha. 2014. “Storage and Non-Payment: Persistent Informalities within the Formal Water Supply of Hubli-Dharwad, India.” Water Alternatives 7(1): 106–20.Google Scholar
Cammett, Melani. 2014. Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Cammett, Melani and MacLean, Lauren M., eds. 2014. The Politics of Non-State Social Welfare. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Cervero, Robert. 2000. Informal Transport in the Developing World. Nairobi, Kenya: UN-HABITAT.Google Scholar
Cervero, Robert and Golub, Aaron. 2011. “Informal Transport: A Global Perspective.” In Dimitriou, Harry T. and Gakenheimer, Ralph, eds. Urban Transport in the Developing World. Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishers.Google Scholar
Cheng, Deborah. 2014. “The Persistence of Informality: Small-Scale Water Providers in Manila’s Post-Privatisation Era.” Water Alternatives 7(1): 5471.Google Scholar
Chitere, Preston. 2004. “Matatu Industry in Kenya: A Study of the Performance of Owners, Workers and Their Associations and Potential for Improvement.” 055/2004. Nairobi, Kenya: Institute of Policy Analysis and Research.
Collier, David, LaPorte, Jody, and Seawright, Jason. 2012. “Putting Typologies to Work: Concept Formation, Measurement, and Analytic Rigor.” Political Research Quarterly 65(1): 217–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collignon, Bernard and Vézina, Marc. 2000. “Independent Water and Sanitation Providers in African Cities: A Ten-Country Study.” Water and Sanitation Program. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Cooper, Reid W. F. 2011. “Municipal Water Schemes in a Mumbai Squatter Settlement: Assembling Space and Society.” International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development 3(1): 7792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Desmet, Klaus, Ortuño-Ortín, Ignacio, and Wacziarg, Romain. 2012. “The Political Economy of Linguistic Cleavages.” Journal of Development Economics 97(2): 322–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Estache, Antonio, Gomez-Lobo, Andres, and Leipziger, Danny. 2001. “Utilities Privatization and the Poor: Lessons and Evidence from Latin America.” World Development 29(7): 1179–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feiock, Richard C. 2013. “The Institutional Collective Action Framework.” Policy Studies Journal 41(3): 397425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferro, Pablo Salazar, Muñoz, Juan Carlos, and Behrens, Roger. 2012. “The Interface between Trunk and Feeder Services: Lessons from South American Cities.” In CODATU XV: The Role of Urban Mobility in (Re) Shaping Cities. Prepared for CODATU XV, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, October 2226.Google Scholar
Foster, Vivien. 2005. “Ten Years of Water Service Reform in Latin America: Toward an Anglo-French Model.” PAPER NO. 3. World Bank Group Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Board Discussion Paper Series. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Franck, Raphaël and Rainer, Ilia. 2012. “Does the Leader’s Ethnicity Matter? Ethnic Favoritism, Education, and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa.” American Political Science Review 106(2): 294325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Galilea, Patricia and Batarce, Marco. 2016. “Designing Bus Concession Contracts.” In Restructuring Public Transport through Bus Rapid Transit: An International Perspective. Bristol, UK: Policy Press.Google Scholar
Godard, Xavier. 2005. “Kyoto et La Double Trappe Dans Laquelle Tombe Le Transport Collectif Institutionnel.” Recherche, Transports, Sécurité 88: 225–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gomez-Ibanez, Jose and Meyer, John. 1991. Going Private—the International Experience with Transport Privatization. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
Gough, Ian, Wood, Geof, Barrientos, Armando, Bevan, Philippa, Davis, Peter, and Room, Graham. 2004. Insecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America: Social Policy in Development Contexts. 1st ed. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graham, Stephen, Desai, Renu, and McFarlane, Colin. 2013. “Water Wars in Mumbai.” Public Culture 25(1 69): 115–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grossman, Shelby. 2016. “The Politics of Order in Informal Markets: Evidence from Lagos.” PhD diss., Harvard University.
Gwilliam, Ken. 2008. “Bus Transport: Is There a Regulatory Cycle?” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 42(9): 1183–94.Google Scholar
Gwilliam, Kenneth. 2000. “Public Transport in the Developing World—Quo Vadis?” TWU Series. World Bank Discussion Paper TWU-39. Washington, DC.
Gwilliam, Kenneth M. 2001. “Competition in Urban Passenger Transport in the Developing World.” Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (JTEP) 35(1): 99118.Google Scholar
Habyarimana, James, Humphreys, Macartan, Posner, Daniel N., and Weinstein, Jeremy M.. 2009. Coethnicity: Diversity and the Dilemmas of Collective Action. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Herrera, Veronica and Post, Alison E.. 2014. “Can Developing Countries Both Decentralize and Depoliticize Urban Water Services? Evaluating the Legacy of the 1990s Reform Wave.” World Development 64(December): 621–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyun, Christopher, Post, Alison E., and Ray, Isha. 2017. Frontline Worker Compliance with Transparency Reforms: Barriers Posed by Family and Financial Responsibilities. Governance. DOI: 10.1111/gove.12268.Google Scholar
Jordana, Jacint and Levi-Faur, David. 2005. “The Diffusion of Regulatory Capitalism in Latin America: Sectoral and National Channels in the Making of a New Order.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 598(1): 102–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kapila, Sunita, Manundu, Mutsembi, and Lamba, Davinder. 1982. The Matatu Mode of Public Transport in Metropolitan Nairobi. Nairobi: Mazingira Institute.Google Scholar
Kariuki, Mukami and Schwartz, Jordan. 2005. “Small-Scale Private Service Providers of Water Supply and Electricity: A Review of Incidence, Structure, Pricing and Operating Characteristics” October. Policy Research Working Paper; No. 3727. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Kashyap, Prakriti and Visvanathan, Chettiyappan. 2014. “Formalization of Informal Recycling in Low-Income Countries.” In Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia and the Pacific Islands, ed. Pariatamby, Agamuthu and Tanaka, Masaru. Singapore: Springer.Google Scholar
Keener, Sarah, Luengo, Manuel, and Banerjee, Sudeshna. 2010. “Provision of Water to the Poor in Africa: Experience with Water Standposts and the Informal Water Sector.” WPS5387. World Bank.
Kickert, Walter J. M. 1997. “Public Governance in the Netherlands: An Alternative to Anglo-American ‘Managerialism.’” Public Administration 75: 731–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kjellén, Marianne and McGranahan, Gordon. 2006. “Informal Water Vendors and the Urban Poor.” 978-1-84369-586–8. Human Settlements Discussion Paper Series, Human Settlements Discussion Paper Series Theme: Water-3. London: International Institute for Environment and Development.
Klopp, Jacqueline M. 2012. “Towards a Political Economy of Transportation Policy and Practice in Nairobi.” Urban Forum 23(1): 121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klopp, Jacqueline M., Mutua, J., Orwa, D., Waiganjo, P., White, A., and Williams, S.. 2014. “Towards a Standard for Paratransit Data: Lessons from Developing GTFS Data for Nairobi’s Matatu System.” In Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting Vol. 14; 5280.Google Scholar
Kooy, Michelle. 2014. “Developing Informality: The Production of Jakartaʼs Urban Waterscape.” Water Alternatives 7(1): 3553.Google Scholar
Kramon, Eric and Posner, Daniel N.. 2013. “Who Benefits from Distributive Politics? How the Outcome One Studies Affects the Answer One Gets.” Perspectives on Politics 11(2): 461–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kyessi, Alphonce G. 2005. “Community-Based Urban Water Management in Fringe Neighbourhoods: The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.” Habitat International 29(1): 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
La Porta, Rafael, Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio, Schleifer, Andrei, and Vishny, Robert. 1999. “The Quality of Government.” Journal of Law, Economics & Organization. 15(1): 222–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
LeBas, Adrienne. 2013. “Violence and Urban Order in Nairobi, Kenya and Lagos, Nigeria.” Studies In Comparative International Development 48: 240–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lovei, Laszlo and Whittington, Dale. 1993. “Rent-Extracting Behavior by Multiple Agents in the Provision of Municipal Water Supply: A Study of Jakarta, Indonesia.” Water Resources Research 29(7): 1965–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacLean, Lauren M. 2010. Informal Institutions and Citizenship in Rural Africa: Risk and Reciprocity in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacLean, Lauren and Brass, Jennifer. 2015. “Foreign Aid, NGOs and the Private Sector: New Forms of Hybridity in Renewable Energy in Kenya and Uganda.” Africa Today 62(1): 5682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCormick, Dorothy, Mitullah, Winnie V., Chitere, Preston, Orero, Risper, and Ommeh, Marilyn S.. 2011. “Paratransit Business Strategies: A Bird’s Eye View of Matatus in Nairobi,” July. Available at http://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/17310.
McKenzie, David and Ray, Isha. 2009. “Urban Water Supply in India: Status, Reform Options and Possible Lessons.” Water Policy 11(4): 442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miguel, Edward and Gugerty, Mary Kay. 2005. “Ethnic Diversity, Social Sanctions, and Public Goods in Kenya.” Journal of Public Economics 89(11): 2325–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Munene, Mugumo. 2013. “Police Mint Millions as Kenyans Die on Roads.” Daily Nation, August 21.
Muñoz, Juan Carlos and Gschwender, Antonio. 2008. “Transantiago: A Tale of Two Cities.” Research in Transportation Economics 22(1): 4553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murillo, Maria Victoria. 2009. Political Competition, Partisanship, and Policy Making in Latin American Public Utilities. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nilsson, David and Kaijser, Arne. 2012. “Discrimination by Default: The Post-Colonial Heritage of Urban Water Provision in East Africa.” In Water and Sanitation Services: Public Policy and Management. Castro, José Esteban and Heller, Léo, eds. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
O’Donnell, Guillermo. 1993. “On the State, Democratization and Some Conceptual Problems: A Latin American View with Glances at Some Postcommunist Countries.” World Development 21(8): 1355–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Orero, R. and McCormick, D.. 2013. “Cooperatives Involvement in the Paratransit Sector: Experiences and Lessons in Nairobi,” July. Available at http://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/33275.
Ostrom, Elinor. 1996. “Crossing the Great Divide: Coproduction, Synergy, and Development.” World Development 24(6): 1073–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pattanayak, Subhrendu K., Yang, Jui-Chen, Whittington, Dale, and Bal Kumar, K. C.. 2005. “Coping with Unreliable Public Water Supplies: Averting Expenditures by Households in Kathmandu, Nepal.” Water Resources Research 41(2).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peters, B. Guy and Pierre, John. 1998. “Governance without Government? Rethinking Public Administration.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 8(2): 223–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Post, Alison E. 2014. Foreign and Domestic Investment in Argentina: The Politics of Privatized Infrastructure. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ranganathan, Malini. 2014. “‘Mafias’ in the Waterscape: Urban Informality and Everyday Public Authoirty in Bangalore.” Water Alternatives 7: 89105.Google Scholar
Rasmussen, J. 2014. “We Are the True Blood of the Mau Mau’: The Mungiki Movement in Kenya.” In Global Gangs: Street Gangs across the World, ed. Hazen, J. and Rogers, D.. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
Salon, Deborah and Gulyani, Sumila. 2010. “Mobility, Poverty, and Gender: Travel ‘Choices’ of Slum Residents in Nairobi, Kenya.” Transport Reviews 30(5): 641–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Savedoff, William D and Spiller, Pablo T.. 1999. Spilled Water: Institutional Commitment in the Provision of Water Services. Peru: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).Google Scholar
Shimazaki, Toshikazu and Rahman, Mukitur. 1996. “Physical Characteristics of Paratransit in Developing Countries of Asia.” Journal of Advanced Transportation 30(2): 524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, Laila. 2004. “The Murky Waters of the Second Wave of Neoliberalism: Corporatization as a Service Delivery Model in Cape Town.” Geoforum 35(3): 375–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sohail, M., Maunder, D. A. C., and Cavill, S.. 2006. “Effective Regulation for Sustainable Public Transport in Developing Countries.” Transport Policy 13(3): 177–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Solo, Tova Maria. 1999. “Small-Scale Entrepreneurs in the Urban Water and Sanitation Market.” Environment and Urbanization 11(1): 117–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Syabri, Ibnu and Pradono, B. T. S.. 2013. “Embracing Paratransit in Bandung Metropolitan Area, West Java, Indonesia.” Available at http://www.unhabitat.org/grhs/2013.
Thachil, Tariq. 2014. Elite Parties, Poor Voters. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
The Economist. 2015. “Learning Unleashed.” The Economist, August 1.
Torres-Montoya, Mariana. 2008. “Innovative Urban Transport Cooperation by Public and Private Sectors in India.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2063(1): 1017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
WHO-UNICEF. 2015. “Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation: Estimates on the Use of Water Sources and Sanitation Facilities.” Geneva, Switzerland.
World Bank. 2005. “A Study of Institutional, Financial and Regulatory Framewroks of Urban Transport in Large Sub-Saharan Cities.” SSATP Working Paper 82.
Wunsch, James S. 1990. “Centralization and Development in Post-Independence Africa.” In The Failure of the Centralized State: Institutions and Self-Governance in Africa. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar

Post et al supplementary material

Post et al supplementary material 1

PDF 2 MB

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 107
Total number of PDF views: 828 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th November 2017 - 22nd April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Hybrid Regimes for Local Public Goods Provision: A Framework for Analysis
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Hybrid Regimes for Local Public Goods Provision: A Framework for Analysis
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Hybrid Regimes for Local Public Goods Provision: A Framework for Analysis
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *