Allard, Scott, and Danziger, Sheldon. 2000. Welfare migration: Political and empirical realities. Journal of Politics 62 (2): 350–68.
Allik, Juri, and Realo, Annue. 2004. Individualism-collectivism and social capital. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 35 (1): 29–49.
Armingeon, Klaus, Leimgruber, Phillipp, Beyeler, Michelle, and Menegale, Sarah. 2005. Comparative Political Data Set 1960–2002. Institute of Berne. Accessed April 15, 2005.
Atkinson, Anthony. 1999. The Economic Consequences of Rolling Back the Welfare State. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Beck, Nathaniel, and Katz, Jonathan. 1995. What to do (and not to do) with time-series cross-section data. American Political Science Review 89 (3): 634–47.
Buckingham, A. 2000. Welfare reform in Britain, Australia and the United States. In Reforming the Australian Welfare State, ed. Saunders, P.. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Families Studies.
Butler, Stuart, and Kondratas, Anna. 1987. Out of the Poverty Trap. New York: Free Press.
Castles, Francis G. 1982. The impact of parties on public expenditures. In The Impact of Parties: Politics and Policies in Democratic Capitalist States, ed. Castles, Francis. London: Sage.
Chung, R.C., and Bemak, F.. 1996. The effects of welfare status on psychological distress among Southeast Asian refugees. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 184 (6): 346–53.
Crook, Clive. 1997. “The Future of the State.” Economist 20.
Diener, Ed, Diener, Marissa, and Diener, Carol. 1995. Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69: 851–64.
Diener, E., and Suh, E. M., eds. 2000. Culture and Subjective Well-Being. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
DiTella, R., MacCulloch, R.J., and Oswald, A.J.. 2003. The macroeconomics of happiness. Review of Economics and Statistics 85 (4): 809–27.
Einstein, Albert. 2002 . “Why Socialism?” Monthly Review 52 (1): 36–44.
Esping-Andersen, Gosta. 1985. Politics against Markets: The Social Democratic Road to Power. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Esping-Andersen, Gosta. 1988. Decommodification and Work Absence in the Welfare State. San Domenico, Italy: European University Institute.
Esping-Andersen, Gosta. 1990. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Fraser, Nancy. 1997. Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocialist” Condition. New York: Routledge.
Frey, Bruno, and Stutzer, Alois. 2005. Happiness and Economics. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Friedman, Milton, and Friedman, Rose. 1979. Free to Choose. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Gilder, George. 1993. Wealth and Poverty. New York: ICS Press.
Hicks, Alexander. 1999. Social Democracy and Welfare Capitalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Hicks, Alexander, and Swank, Duane. 1992. Politics, institutions, and welfare spending in industrialized democarcies, 1960–1982. American Political Science Review 86 (3): 658–74.
Huber, Evelyne, Ragin, Charles, Stephens, John D., Brady, David, and Beckfield, Jason. 2004. Comparative Welfare States Data Set, Northwestern University, University of North Carolina, Duke University, and Indiana University. Data available at http://www.lisproject.org/publications/welfaredata/welfareaccess.htm. Accessed April 15, 2005.
Huber, Evelyne, and Stephens, John D.. 2001. Development and Crisis of the Welfare State: Parties and Policies in Global Markets. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Inglehart, Ronald. 1990. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Kalil, A., and Danziger, S.. 2000. How teen mothers are faring under welfare reform. Journal of Social Issues 56: 777–800.
Kenworthy, Lane. 1999. Do social-welfare policies reduce poverty? A cross-national assessment. Social Forces 77 (3): 1119–39.
Kenworthy, Lane, and Pontusson, Jonas. 2005. Rising inequality and the politics of redistribution in affluent countries. Perspectives on Politics 3 (3): 449–71.
Lane, Robert. 1978. Autonomy, felicity, futility. Journal of Politics 40: 1–24.
Lane, Robert. 2000. The Loss of Happiness in Market Democracies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Layard, Richard. 2005. Happiness: Lessons from a New Science. London: Allen Lane.
Lindbeck, Assar. 1981. “Work Disincentives in the Welfare State.” Nationalokonomische Gesellschaft Lectures, Manz, Vienna.
Lindbeck, Assar. 1983. Interpreting income distributions in a welfare state: The case of Sweden. European Economic Review 21: 227–56.
Lindblom, Charles. 1977. Politics and Markets. New York: Basic Books.
Marshall, T.H. 1950. Citizenship and Social Class. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Messner, Steven F., and Rosenfeld, Richard. 1997. Political restraint of the market and levels of criminal homicide: A cross-national application of institutional-anomie theory. Social Forces 75 (4): 1393–416.
Murray, Charles. 1984. Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950–1980. New York: Basic Books.
Myers, David. 1993. The Pursuit of Happiness. New York: Avon Books.
Myers, David, and Diener, Ed. 1995. Who is happy? Psychological Science 6: 10–90.
Myers, David, and Diener, Ed. 1997. The science of happiness. The Futurist 31: 27–33.
Olson, Mancur. 1982. The Rise and Decline of Nations. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation, and Development (OECD). 2004. Social Expenditure Data set 1980–2001 (SOCX 2004).
Ouweneel, Piet. 2002. Social security and well-being of the unemployed in 42 countries. Journal of Happiness Studies 3: 167–97.
Putnam, Robert. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Radcliff, Benjamin. 2001. Politics, markets, and life satisfaction: The political economy of human happiness. American Political Science Review 95 (4): 939–52.
Saunders, Peter, ed. 2000. Reforming the Australian Welfare State. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Scruggs, Lyle. 2005. “Comparative Welfare Entitlements Dataset.” Department of Political Science, University of Connecticut. Accessed April 15, 2005.
Stimson, James. 1985. Regression models in space and time: A statistical essay. American Journal of Political Science 29: 914–47.
Veenhoven, Ruut. 1993. Happiness in Nations. Rotterdam: Risbo.
Veenhoven, Ruut. 1994. Is happiness a trait? Social Indicators Research 32: 101–60.
Veenhoven, Ruut. 1996. Developments in satisfaction research. Social Indicators Research 37: 1–46.
Veenhoven, Ruut. 1997a. Advances in understanding happiness. Revue Quebecoise de Psychologie 18: 29–74.
Veenhoven, Ruut. 1997b. Quality of life in individualistic societies. In The Gift of Society, ed. DeJong, Mart-Jan and Zijderveld, Anton C.. Nijker, The Netherlands: Enzo Press.
Veenhoven, Ruut. 2000. Well-being in the welfare state: Level not higher, distribution not more equitable. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis 2: 91–125.
Watson, David, and Clark, Lee. 1991. Self vs. peer ratings of specific emotional traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 60: 927–40.
World Bank. 2007. World Development Indicators 2007. Washington, DC: The World Bank.