Skip to main content
×
Home

Between Science and Engineering: Reflections on the APSA Presidential Task Force on Political Science, Electoral Rules, and Democratic Governance: Consequences of Electoral Rules for Patterns of Redistribution and Regulation

  • John Carey (a1) and Simon Hix (a2)
Abstract

Political scientists have contributed to the world of electoral systems as scientists and as engineers. Taking stock of recent scientific research, we show that context modifies the effects of electoral rules on political outcomes in specific and systematic ways. We explore how electoral rules shape the inclusion of women and minorities, the depth and nature of political competition, and patterns of redistribution and regulation, and we consider institutional innovations that could promote political equality. Finally, we describe the diverse ways that political scientists produce an impact on the world by sharing and applying their knowledge of the consequences of electoral rules and global trends in reform.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Akitoby Bernardin, and Stratmann Thomas. 2008. “Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets.” Economic Journal 118(533): 1971–85.
Alesina Alberto, Glaeser Edward, and Sacerdote Bruce. 2001. “Why Doesn't the U.S. Have a European-Style Welfare System?” NBER Working Paper 8524. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Amat Francesc, and Wibbels Erik. 2009. “Electoral Incentives, Group Identity, and Preferences for Redistribution.” Estudio/Working Paper 2009/246. Madrid: Juan March Institute.
Ames Barry. 1995. “Electoral Strategy under Open-List Proportional Depresentation.” American Journal of Political Science 39(2): 406–33.
Bagashka Tanya. 2012. “The Personal Vote and Economic Reform.” Electoral Studies 31: 562–75.
Bawn Kathleen, and Rosenbluth Frances. 2006. “Short versus Long Coalitions: Electoral Accountability and the Size of the Public Sector.” American Journal of Political Science 50(2): 251–65.
Bernhard William, and Leblang David. 1999. “Democratic Institutions and Exchange Rate Commitments.” International Organization 53(1): 7197.
Birchfield Vicki, and Crepaz Markus M. L.. 1998. “The Impact of Constitutional Structures and Collective and Competitive Veto Points on Income Inequality in Industrialized Democracies.” European Journal of Political Research 34(2): 175200.
Blume Lorenz, Müller Jens, Voigt Stefan, and Wolf Carsten. 2009. “The Economic Effects of Constitutions: Replicating—and Extending—Persson and Tabellini.” Public Choice 139(1-2): 197225.
Carey John M., and Shugart Matthew S.. 1995. “Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote: A Rank Ordering of Electoral Formulas.” Electoral Studies 14(4): 417–39.
Chang Eric C.C. 2008. “Electoral Incentives and Budgetary Spending: Rethinking the Role of Political Institutions.” Journal of Politics 70(4): 1086–97.
Chang Eric C.C, Kayser Mark A., Linzer Drew A., and Rogowski Ronald. 2011. Electoral Systems and the Balance of Consumer-Producer Power. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chang Eric C.C., and Golden Miriam. 2007. “Electoral systems, district magnitude and corruption.” British Journal of Political Science 37: 115137.
Chang Eric C.C., Kayser Mark A., and Rogowski Ronald. 2008. “Electoral Systems and Real Prices: Panel Evidence for the OECD Countries, 1970–2000.” British Journal of Political Science 38(4): 739–51.
Crepaz Markus M.L. 1998. “Inclusion versus Exclusion: Political Institutions and Welfare Expenditures.” Comparative Politics 31(1): 6180.
Crisp Brian F., Jensen Nathan M., Rosas Guillermo, and Zeitzoff Thomas. 2010. “Vote-Seeking Incentives and Investment Environments: The Need for Credit Claiming and the Provision of Protectionism.” Electoral Studies 29(2): 221–26.
Cusack Thomas R., Iversen Torben, and Soskice David. 2007. “Economic Interests and the Origins of Electoral Systems.” American Political Science Review 101(3): 373–91.
Cusack Thomas R., Iversen Torben, and Soskice David. 2010. “Coevolution of Capitalism and Political Representation: The Choice of Electoral Systems.” American Political Science Review 104(2): 393403.
Dickson Vaughan. 2009. “Seat-Vote Curves, Loyalty Effects and the Provincial Distribution of Canadian Government Spending.” Public Choice 139(3-4): 317–33.
Ehrlich Sean D. 2007. “Access to Protection: Domestic Institutions and Trade Policy in Democracies.” International Organization 61(3): 571605.
Eichengreen Barry, and Leblang David. 2003. “Exchange Rates and Cohesion: Historical Perspectives and Political-Economy Considerations.” Journal of Common Market Studies 41(5): 797822.
Evans Carolyn L. 2009. “A Protectionist Bias in Majoritarian Politics: An Empirical Investigation.” Economics and Politics 21(2): 278307.
Fabrizio Stefania, and Mody Ashoka. 2006. “Can Budget Institutions Counteract Political Indiscipline?Economic Policy 21(48): 689739.
Funk Patricia, and Gathmann Christina. 2010. “How Do Electoral Systems Affect Fiscal Policy? Evidence from State and Local Governments, 1890 to 2005.” CESifo Working Paper 2958, Center for Economic Studies, Munich.
Gagliarducci Stefano, Nannicini Tommaso, and Naticchioni Paolo. 2011. “Electoral Rules and Politicians' Behavior: A Micro Test.” American Economic Journal-Economic Policy 3(3): 144–74.
Golden Miriam A., and Picci Lucio. 2008. “Pork-Barrel Politics in Postwar Italy, 1953–94.” American Journal of Political Science 52(2): 268–89.
Grilli Vittorio, Masciandaro Donato, Tabellini Guido, Malinvaud Edmond, and Pagano Marco. 1991. “Political and Monetary Institutions and Public Financial Policies in the Industrial Countries.” Economic Policy 6(13): 341–92.
Hallerberg Mark, and Marier Patrik. 2004. “Executive Authority, the Personal Vote, and Budget Discipline in Latin American and Caribbean Countries.” American Journal of Political Science 48(3): 571–87.
Hankla Charles R. 2006. “Party Strength and International Trade: A Cross-National Analysis.” Comparative Political Studies 39(9): 1133–56.
Huber John D., and Powell G. Bingham Jr. 1994. “Congruence between Citizens and Policymakers in Two Visions of Liberal Democracy.” World Politics 46: 291326.
Iversen Torben, and Soskice David. 2006. “Electoral Institutions and the Politics of Coalitions: Why Some Democracies Redistribute More Than Others.” American Political Science Review 100(2): 165–81.
Iversen Torben, and Soskice David. 2009. “Distribution and Redistribution: The Shadow of the Nineteenth Century.” World Politics 61(3): 438–86.
Iversen Torben, and Soskice David. 2010. “Real Exchange Rates and Competitiveness: The Political Economy of Skill Formation, Wage Compression, and Electoral Systems.” American Political Science Review 104(3): 601–23.
Kang Shin-Goo, and Powell G. Bingham Jr. 2010. “Representation and Policy Responsiveness: The Median Voter, Election Rules, and Redistributive Welfare Spending.” Journal of Politics 72(4): 1014–28.
Kim Dong-Hun. 2010. “Making or Breaking a Deal: The Impact of Electoral Systems on Mergers and Acquisitions.” Kyklos 63(3): 432–49.
Kono Daniel Yuichi. 2009. “Market Structure, Electoral Institutions, and Trade Policy.” International Studies Quarterly 53(4): 885906.
Linzer Drew A., and Rogowski Ronald L.. 2008. “Lower Prices: The Impact of Majoritarian Systems in Democracies around the World.” Journal of Politics 70(1): 1727.
McGillivray Fiona. 1997. “Party Discipline as a Determinant of the Endogenous Formation of Tariffs.” American Journal of Political Science 41(2): 584607.
McGillivray Fiona. 2003. “Redistributive Politics and Stock Price Dispersion.” British Journal of Political Science 33(3): 367–95.
Milesi-Ferretti Gian Maria, Perotti Roberto, and Rostagno Massimo. 2002. “Electoral Systems and Public Spending.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 117(2): 609–57.
Naoi Megumi, and Krauss Ellis. 2009. “Who Lobbies Whom? Special Interest Politics under Alternative Electoral System.” American Journal of Political Science 53(4): 874–92.
Neugart Michael. 2005. “Unemployment Insurance: The Role of Electoral Systems and Regional Labour Markets.” European Journal of Political Economy 21(4): 815–29.
Park Jong Hee, and Jensen Nathan. 2007. “Electoral Competition and Agricultural Support in OECD Countries.” American Journal of Political Science 51(2): 314–29.
Persson Torsten. 2002. “Do Political Institutions Shape Economic Policy?Econometrica 70(3): 883905.
Persson Torsten, Roland Gerard, and Tabellini Guido. 2007. “Electoral Rules and Government Spending in Parliamentary Democracies.” Quarterly Journal of Political Science 2(2): 155–88.
Persson Torsten, and Tabellini Guido. 1999. “The Size and Scope of Government: Comparative Politics with Rational Politicians.” European Economic Review 43(4-6): 699735.
Persson Torsten, and Tabellini Guido. 2003. The Economic Effects of Constitutions. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Powell G.B., and Vanberg Georg. 2000. “Election Laws, Disproportionality, and Median Correspondence: Implications for Two Visions of Democracy.” British Journal of Political Science 30(3): 383411.
Rickard Stephanie J. 2009. “Strategic Targeting: The Effect of Institutions and Interests on Distributive Transfers.” Comparative Political Studies 42(5): 670–95.
Rickard Stephanie J. 2010. “Democratic Differences: Electoral Institutions and Compliance with GATT/WTO Agreements.” European Journal of International Relations 16(4): 711–29.
Rickard Stephanie J. 2012a. “A Non-Tariff Protectionist Bias in Majoritarian Politics: Government Subsidies and Electoral Institutions.” International Studies Quarterly 56(4): 777–85.
Roelfsema Hein. 2004. “Political Institutions and Trade Protection.” Discussion Paper 04–06, Tjalling C. Koopmans Research Institute, Utrecht.
Rogowski Ronald, and Kayser Mark Andreas. 2002. “Majoritarian Electoral Systems and Consumer Power: Price-Level Evidence from the OECD Countries.” American Journal of Political Science 46(3): 526–39.
Scartascini Carlos G., and Crain W. Mark. 2002. “The size and composition of government spending in multi-party systems.” Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1353462 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1353462
Stein Ernesto, Talvi Ernesto, and Grisanti Alejandro. 1998. “Institutional Arrangements and Fiscla Performance: The Latin American Experience.” NBER Working Paper 6358 (January 1998).
Thames Frank C., and Edwards Martin S.. 2006. “Differentiating Mixed-Member Electoral Systems.” Comparative Political Studies 39(7): 905–27.
Verardi Vincenzo. 2005. “Electoral systems and income inequality.” Economic Letters 86: 712.
Vernby Kare. 2007. “Strikes Are More Common in Countries with Majoritarian Electoral Systems.” Public Choice 132(1-2): 6584.
Woo Jaejoon. 2003. “Economic, political, and institutional determinants of public deficits.” Journal of Public Economics 87: 387426.
Wright Joseph. 2010. “Aid Effectiveness and the Politics of Personalism.” Comparative Political Studies 43(6): 735–62.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Perspectives on Politics
  • ISSN: 1537-5927
  • EISSN: 1541-0986
  • URL: /core/journals/perspectives-on-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 42 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 186 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.