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Mary C. Banwart , Dianne G. Bystrom , and Terry Robertson . 2003. From the primary to the general election: A comparative analysis of candidate media coverage in mixed-gender 2000 races for governor and U.S. Senate. American Behavioral Scientist 46 (5): 658–76.
Barbara C. Burrell 1994. A Woman's Place is in the House: Campaigning for Congress in the Feminist Era. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.
Richard L. Fox 1997. Gender Dynamics in Congressional Elections. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Elisabeth Gidengil , and Joanna Everitt . 2003. Talking tough: Gender and reported speech in campaign news coverage. Political Communication 20 (3): 209–32.
Janet Holmes , and Miriam Meyerhoff . 1999. The community of practice: Theories and methodologies in language and gender research. Language in Society 28 (2): 173–83.
Leonie Huddy , and Nayda Terkildsen . 1993a. The consequences of gender stereotypes for women candidates at different levels and types of office. Political Research Quarterly 46 (3): 503–25.
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Cathryn Johnson . 1994. Gender, legitimate authority, and leader-subordinate conversations. American Sociological Review 59 (1): 122–35.
Kim Fridkin Kahn . 1994. Does gender make a difference? An experimental examination of sex stereotypes and press patterns in statewide campaigns. American Journal of Political Science 38 (1): 162–95.
Leonard Karakowsky , Kenneth McBey , and Diane L. Miller . 2004. Gender, perceived competence, and power plays. Small Group Research 35 (4): 407–39.
Jeffrey. W. Koch 2000. Do citizens apply gender stereotypes to infer candidates' ideological prientations? Journal of Politics 62 (2): 414–29.
Jennifer L. Lawless , and Kathryn Pearson . 2008. The primary reason for women's under-representation: Re-evaluating the conventional wisdom. Journal of Politics 70 (1): 67–82.
Mark Leeper . 1991. The impact of prejudice on female candidates: An experimental look at voter inference. American Politics Quarterly 19 (2): 248–61.
Monika L. McDermott 1998. Race and gender cues in low-information elections. Political Research Quarterly 51 (4): 895–918.
Monika L. McDermott 1997. Voting cues in low-information elections: Candidate gender as a social information variable in contemporary US elections. American Journal of Political Science 41 (1): 270–83.
Wendy Rahn . 1993. The role of partisan stereotypes in information processing about political candidates. American Journal of Political Science 37 (2): 472–96.
John D. Rausch , Mark Rozell , and Harry L. Wilson . 1999. When women lose: A case study of media coverage of two gubernatorial campaigns. Women & Politics 20 (4): 1–22.
Shirley M. Rosenwasser , and Norma G. Dean . 1989. Gender roles and political office: Effects of perceived masculinity/femininity of candidate and political office. Psychology of Women Quarterly 13 (June): 77–85.
Kira Sanbonmatsu . 2006. Where Women Run: Gender and Party in the American States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.
Kevin B. Smith 1997. When all's fair: Signs of parity in media coverage of female candidates. Political Communication 14: 71–82.
Eric R.A.N. Smith , and Richard L. Fox . 2001. A research note: The electoral fortunes of women candidates for Congress. Political Research Quarterly 54 (1): 205–21.