Skip to main content
×
×
Home

From Taboo to the Negotiable: The Israeli New Historians and the Changing Representation of the Palestinian Refugee Problem

  • Michal Ben-Josef Hirsch (a1)
Abstract

In the last round of the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks at the Taba Conference (January 2001), Israeli negotiators went where no Israeli officials went before: they considered the right of return of Palestinian refugees, and a quasi-statement that acknowledges the Palestinian tragedy and Israel's share of historical responsibility. This paper argues that at least in part this shift in the negotiations' framework can be traced back to the public debate instigated by the work of Israeli New Historians.Michal Ben-Josef Hirsch is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (michal@mit.edu). She thanks Boaz Atzili, Naomi Chazan, Orit Gal, Eran Kaplan, Daniel Levy, Ran Levy, Gil Merom, Clair Moon, Melissa Nobles, Jeremy Pressman, Stephen Van Evera, Amos Zehavi, and two anonymous reviewers for their insightful and helpful comments and suggestions. She also thanks Kezia Avieli-Tabibyan from the Center of Educational Technology (MATAH, Israel) for her valuable assistance with Israeli history textbooks.

Copyright
References
Hide All

References

1948–1998 in the eyes of two peoples: A special round table discussion. 1998. Palestine-Israel Journal 5 (2): 2334.
A correspondence, and debate over the 1948 Exodus. [1991]. Journal of Palestine Studies 21 (1): 6689.
Alpher, Joseph, and Khalil Shikak et al. 1999. The Palestinian refugee problem and the right of return. Middle East Policy 6 (3): 67189.
Apple, M. W. 1990. Ideology and Curriculum. New York: Rutledge.
Arian, Alan. 1995. Security Threatened: Surveying Israeli Opinion on Peace and War. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Artz, Donna E. 1997. Refugees into Citizens. Washington, DC: Council on Foreign Relations.
Avieli-Tabibyen, Kezia. 1999. Masa El Ha-Avar (Journey to the Past: The Twentieth Century; For the Right of Liberty—Hebrew). Tel Aviv: Center for Educational Technologies.
Avieli-Tabibyen, Kezia. 2001. Idan Ha-Eyma ve Ha-Tikva (1870–1970: Age of Horror and Hope—Hebrew). Tel Aviv: Center for Educational Technologies.
Bar Joseph, Uri. 1987. The Best of Enemies: Israel and Transjordan in the War of 1948. London, UK: Frank Cass.
Barnett, Michael N. 1996. The politics of uniqueness: The status of the Israeli case. In Israel in Comparative Perspective: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom, ed. Michael N. Barnett. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Bar Tal, Israel. 1996. The quiet revolution: Myth, science and what is between. Cathedra 81 (September) [Hebrew].
Baskin, Gershon, and Zakaria Al Qaq. 1999. Creating a Culture of Peace. Jerusalem: Israel-Palestine Center for Research and Information. www.ipcri.org
Daneels, Isabelle. 2001. Palestinian Refugees and the Peace Process: An Analysis of Public Opinion Surveys in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Media and Communication Center.
Dror, Yehezkel. 1996. On the uniqueness of Israel: Multiple readings. In Israel in Comparative Perspective: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom, ed. Michael N. Barnett. Albany: State University of New York.
Eldar, Akiva. 2000. Taba document—First exposure. Haaretz February 14 [Hebrew] www.haaretz.co.il.
Farsoun, Samih K., and Christina E. Zacharia. 1997. Palestine and the Palestinians. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Finkelstein, Norman G. 1995. Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict. London and New York: Verso.
Flapan, Simha. 1987. The Birth of Israel: Myth and Realities. London: Chroom Helm.
Focus on refugees. [1995] Palestine-Israel Journal 2 (4) Special Issue: 678.
Frid, Shelly. 2001. “Israeli Policy on the Refugee Problem, 1947–1956.” Presented at the Conference on the Refugee Problem and the Peace Process, The Davis Center for International Relations. Hebrew University, Jerusalem, November 13.
Gazit, Shlomo. 1995. The Palestinian Refugees Problem. Final Status Issues: Israel-Palestine, Study No. 2. Tel Aviv: Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University [Hebrew].
Gertz, Nurith. 2000. Myths in Israeli Culture: Captives of a Dream. London, UK and Portland, OR: Valentine Mitchell.
Gillis, John R., ed. 1994. Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Gurani, Yossef. 1994. Arrogance and totalitarianism. Haaretz weekly edition, July 22, 7 [Hebrew].
Hazony, Yoram. 2001. Antisocial Texts: Who Removed Zionism from Israel's Textbooks? June 29 [Hebrew] www.shalem.org.il.
Hobsbawm, Eric, and Terence Ranger, eds. 1983. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Hosking, Geoffrey, and George Schopelin, eds. 1997. Myths and Nationhood. London, UK: Hurst & Company.
Israeli historiography revisited. [1995]. History, and Memory 7 (1) Special Issue, ed. Gulie Ne'eman Arad.
Karsh, Efraim. 1997. Fabricating Israeli History: “The New Historians.” London, UK and Portland, OR: Frank Kass.
Kelman, Herb. 1995. Contributions of an unofficial conflict resolution effort to the Israeli-Palestinian breakthrough. Negotiations Journal 11 (1): 1927.
Kimmerling, Baruch. 1983. Zionism and Territory: The Socio-Territorial Dimensions of Zionist Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kimmerling, Baruch. 1995. Academic history in the cross-fire: The case of Israeli-Jewish historiography. History and Memory 7 (4): 4165.
Kleinberg, Aviad. 1998. T'kuma: The First 50 Years. Jerusalem: Keter and the Ministry of Defense Publication [Hebrew].
Kolat, Shifra. 1985. Ha-Rayon Ha-Ziyoni (The Zionist Dream and the Establishment of the State of Israel—Hebrew). Jerusalem: Ministry of Education and Culture.
Laqueur, Walter, and Barry Rubin, eds. 1995. The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict. 5th ed. London, UK: Penguin Books.
Lisak, Moshe. 1999. The Zionist dream and its breaking. Haaretz book review edition, October 25, 14.
Lusin, Yigal. 1982. Pillar of Fire. Jerusalem: Shikmona in cooperation with The National Broadcasting Agency [Hebrew].
Mahler, Jonathan. 1997. Uprooting the past. Lingua Franca, August. www.linguafranca.com/9708/mahelr.
The Making of T'kuma: An Interview with Yigal Eilam. [1998]. Palestine-Israel Journal 5 (2): 1822.
Margalit, Dan. 1994a. Old-new historians. Haaretz August 12: B1 [Hebrew].
Margalit, Dan. 1994b. And where is the Israeli interest? Haaretz August 28: B8 [Hebrew].
Megged, Aharon. 1994. The Israeli impulse of suicide. Haaretz weekly edition, June 10 [Hebrew].
Middle East: The faultline. [2001]. Le Monde Diplomatique, www.en.monde-diplomatique.fr, September 14.
Morris, Benny. 1987. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugees Problem, 1947–1948. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Morris, Benny. 1988. The new historiography: Israel confronts its past. Tikkun 3 (6): 1923.
Morris, Benny. 1993. Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956. Tel Aviv: Am Oved [Hebrew].
Morris, Benny. 1998. Refabricating 1948. Journal of Palestine Studies 27 (2): 8195.
Mueller, John. 1989. Retreat from Doomsday: The Obsolescence of Major War. Rochester NY: University of Rochester Press.
Nave, Eyal. 1999. Olam Shel Tmurot (World of Change—Hebrew). Jerusalem: Ministry of Education and Culture.
Nave, Eyal, and Ester Yogev. 2002. Histories—Towards a Dialogue with the Yesterday. Tel Aviv: Babel [Hebrew].
The New Historians. [1996]. Teoria Ve-Bikoret. Special Issue (8) [Hebrew].
Offek, Yossef 1984. Lo Al Magash Sehl Kessef (Not on a Silver Platter: From a National Home to a Sovereign State 1939–1949—Hebrew). Jerusalem: Ministry of Education and Culture.
Olick, Jeffrey K., and Daniel Levy. 1997. The Holocaust: Collective memory and cultural constraint. American Sociological Review 62 (6): 92136.
On Zionism, post-Zionism, and anti-Zionism. [1995]. Round table moderated by Dan Margalit. Haaretz October 15: B4.
The Palestinian exodus—1948: An interview with Benny Morris. [1995]. Palestine-Israel Journal 2 (4).
Palumbo, Michael. 1987. The Palestinians Catastrophe: The 1948 Expulsion of People from Their Home. New York: Olive Branch Press.
Pappe, Ilan. 1992. The Making of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. London & New York: I.B. Tauris.
Pappe, Ilan. 1997a. Post-Zionist critique on Israel and the Palestinians—Part I: The academic debate. Journal of Palestine Studies 26 (2): 2941
Pappe, Ilan. 1997b. Post-Zionist critique on Israel and the Palestinians—Part II: The media. Journal of Palestine Studies 26 (3): 3743.
Pappe, Ilan. 1997c. Post-Zionist critique on Israel and the Palestinians—Part III: Popular culture. Journal of Palestine Studies 26 (4): 609.
Pappe, Ilan. 1998. Israeli Television's fiftieth anniversary “T'kuma” Series: A post-Zionist view? Journal of Palestine Studies 27 (4): 99105
Podeh, Elie. 1997. The Portrayal of the Arab-Israeli Conflict in Israeli History and Civic Text Books, 1953–1995. Peace Studies #9. Jerusalem: The Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace [Hebrew].
Pressman, Jeremy. 2003. The Second Intifada: An early look at the background and causes of Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Journal of Conflict Studies 22 (2): 11441.
Pundak, Ron. 2001. From Oslo to Taba: What Went Wrong? Survival 43 (3): 3145.
Putnam, Robert. 1988. Diplomacy and domestic politics: the logic of two-level game. International Organization 42 (3): 42760.
Rabin, Yitzhak. 1979. Pinkas Sherut. Tel Aviv, Sifriyat Maariv [Hebrew].
Ram, Uri. 1995. The Changing Agenda of Israeli Sociology: Theory, Ideology and Identity. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Ram, Uri. 1998. Postnationalist pasts: The case of Israel. Social Science History [Special Issue: Memory and the Nation] 22 (4): 51347.
Sade, Sharon. 1997. The accusation: Fabricating history. Haaretz weekly edition, May 2: 1618 [Hebrew].
Segev, Tom. 1994. The New Historians: Why are they so annoying? Haaretz September 16: B6 [Hebrew].
Segev, Tom. 1999. Palestine under the British. Jerusalem: Keter [Hebrew].
Segev, Tom. 2001. New Zionists. Jerusalem: Keter [Hebrew].
Selberstein, Laurance J. 2000. The Post-Zionism Debates: Knowledge and Power in Israeli Culture. New York: Routledge.
Shafir, Gershon. 1989. Land, Labor and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, 1812–1914. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Shapira, Anita. 1995. Politics and collective memory: The debate over the “New Historians” in Israel. History and Memory 7 (1): 9ff.
Shapira, Anita. 1997. New Jews, Old Jews. Tel Aviv: Ofakim, Am Oved. [Hebrew].
Shapira, Anita. 1999. The past is not a foreign country. The New Republic. November 29, 2636.
Shavit, Ari. 2004. Survival of the fittest. Haaretz weekly edition, January 9, http://www.haaretz.com.
Shavit, Uria, and Jalal Bana. 2001. Lets talk about it: Everything we don't want to know about the right of return. Haaretz weekly edition, July 6: 1828 [Hebrew].
Shlaim, Avi. 1988. Collusion across the Jordan: King Abdullah, the Zionist Movement and the Partition of Palestine. New York: Columbia University Press.
Shlaim, Avi. 2001. The Iron Wall. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Slater, Jerome. 2001. What went wrong? The collapse of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Political Science Quarterly 116 (2): 17199.
Sontag, Deborah. 2001. Quest for mideast peace: How and why it failed. New York Times 26 July: A1.
Sureik, Elia. 1996. Palestinian Refugees and the Peace Process. Final Status Issues Paper. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestinian Studies.
Tessler, Mark. 1994. A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Teveth, Shabtai. 1989. Charging Israel with original sin. Commentary 88 (3): 2433.
Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 2000. The Future of Israel as a Zionist State: A Debate Special Policy Forum Report. 259 (May 12). http://www.washingtoninstitute.org.
Yuchtman-Yaar, Ephraim, and Tamar Herman. 2001. The Palestinian refugees in the eyes of the Palestinian and Israeli-Jewish public. In The Palestinian Refugees: Old Problems and New Solutions, ed. Joseph Ginat and Edward J. Perkins. Norman OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
Zahor, Zeev. 1994. Colonialist or colonizator. Haaretz December 12: B4 [Hebrew].
Zaks, Dan. 1996. Historiography and national identity. Teoria Ve-Bbikoret (8) [Hebrew]
Zerubavel, Yael. 1995. Recovered Roots: Collective Memory and the Making of Israeli National Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Perspectives on Politics
  • ISSN: 1537-5927
  • EISSN: 1541-0986
  • URL: /core/journals/perspectives-on-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed