Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 3
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Goddard, Stacie E and Nexon, Daniel H. 2016. The Dynamics of Global Power Politics: A Framework for Analysis. Journal of Global Security Studies, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 4.


    MacKay, J. 2015. Rethinking the IR theory of empire in late imperial China. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Vol. 15, Issue. 1, p. 53.


    Alessio, Dominic and Renfro, Wesley B. 2014. The Voldemort of Imperial History: Rethinking Empire and US History. International Studies Perspectives, p. n/a.


    ×

“The Empire Will Compensate You”: The Structural Dynamics of the U.S. Overseas Basing Network

  • Alexander Cooley (a1) and Daniel H. Nexon (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1537592713002818
  • Published online: 10 December 2013
Abstract

Many commentators refer to the U.S. overseas network of military installations as an “empire,” yet very few have examined the theoretical and practical significance of such an analogy. This article explores the similarities and differences between the basing network and imperial systems. We argue that American basing practices and relations combine elements of liberal multilateralism with “neo-imperial” hegemony. Much, but far from all, of the network shares with ideal-typical empires a hub-and-spoke system of unequal relations among the United States and its base-host country “peripheries.” But Washington rarely exercises rule over host-country leaders and their constituents. Historical examples suggest that this combination of imperial and non-imperial elements has rendered the United States vulnerable to political cross-pressures, intermediary exits, and periodic bargaining failures when dealing with overseas base hosts. Moreover, globalizing processes, especially increasing information flows and the transnational networking of anti-base movements, further erode U.S. capacity to maintain multivocal legitimation strategies and keep the terms of its individual basing bargains isolated from one another. Case studies of the rapid contestation of the terms of the U.S. basing presence in post-Soviet Central Asia and post-2003 Iraq illustrate some of these dynamics.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

David Adesnick , and Michael McFaul. 2006. “Engaging Autocratic Allies to Promote Democracy.” The Washington Quarterly 29(2): 726.

Mark Beissinger . 2007. “Structure and Example in Modular Political Phenomena: The Diffusion of Bulldozer/Rose/Orange/Tulip Revolutions.” Perspectives on Politics 5(2): 259–76.

Clifford Bob . 2005. The Marketing of Rebellion. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Jason Brownlee . 2012. Democracy Prevention: The Politics of the U.S.-Egyptian Alliance. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Valerie J. Bunce , and Sharon L. Wolchik. 2006. “Favorable Conditions and Electoral Revolutions.” Journal of Democracy 17(4): 518.

Kent E. Calder 2006. “Beneath the Eagle's Wings? The Political Economy of Northeast Asian Burden-Sharing in Comparative Perspective.” Asian Security 2(3): 148–73.

Kurt M. Campbell , and Celeste Johnson Ward. 2003. “New Battle Stations?Foreign Affairs 82(5): 95103.

Duncan L. Clarke , and Daniel O'Connor. 1993. “US Base Rights Payments after the Cold War.” Orbis 37(3): 441–57.

Alexander Cooley . 2012. Great Games, Local Rules: the New Great Power Contest for Central Asia. New York: Oxford University Press.

Alexander Cooley , and Kimberly Marten. 2006. “Base Motives: The Political Economy of Okinawa's Antimilitarism.” Armed Forces & Society 32(4): 566–83.

Michael C. Desch 1992. “Bases for the Future: US Post-Cold War Military Requirements in the Third World.” Security Studies 2(2): 201–24.

Simon Duke . 1987. US Defence Bases in the United Kingdom: A Matter for Joint Decision? Basingstoke: Macmillan Publishers Ltd.

Thad Dunning . 2004. “Conditioning the Effects of Aid: Cold War Politics, Donor Credibility, and Democracy in Africa.” International Organization 58(2): 409–23.

Matteo Fumagalli . 2007. “Alignments and Re-alignments in Central Asia: Rationale and Implications of Uzbekistan's Rapprochement with Russia.” International Political Science Review 28(3): 253–71.

Johan Galtung . 1971. “A Structural Theory of Imperialism.” Journal of Peace Research 8(2): 81117.

Kelly Greenhill . 2002. “Extortive Engineered Migration: Asymmetric Weapon of the Weak.” Conflict, Security & Development 2(3): 105–16.

Stephen Grey . 2006. Ghost Plane: The True Story of the CIA Torture Program. New York: St. Martins.

John M. Hobson , and J.C. Sharman. 2005. “The Enduring Place of Hierarchy in World Politics: Tracing the Social Logics of Hierarchy and Political Change.” European Journal of International Relations 11(1): 6398.

Maria Hohn , and Seungsook Moon, eds. 2010. Over There: Living with the US Military Empire from World War Two to the Present. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

G. John Ikenberry . 2005. “Power and Liberal Order: America's Postwar World Order in Transition.” International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 5(2): 133–52.

Jose Joffe . 1987. “Peace and Populism: Why the European Anti-Nuclear Movement Failed.” International Security 11(4): 340.

Geir Lundestad . 1986. “Empire by Invitation? The United States and Western Europe, 1945–1952.” Journal of Peace Research 23(3): 263–77.

Alexander J. Motyl 2006. “Empire Falls.” Foreign Affairs 85(4): 190–94.

Daniel Nexon , and Thomas Wright. 2007. “What's at Stake in the American Empire Debate.” American Political Science Review 101(2): 253–71.

Barry Posen . 2003. “Command of the Commons.” International Security 28(1): 546.

Philip G. Roeder 1985. “The Ties that Bind: Aid, Trade, and Political Compliance in Soviet-Third World Relations.” International Studies Quarterly 29(2): 191216.

Christopher T. Sandars 2000. America's Overseas Garrisons: The Leasehold Empire. New York: Oxford University Press.

Deborah L. Spar 1998. “The Spotlight and the Bottom Line.” Foreign Affairs 77(2): 712.

Caroline Spencer . 2003. “Meeting of the Dugongs and the Cooking Pots: Anti-military Base Citizens' Groups on Okinawa.” Japanese Studies 23(2): 126–40.

Richard John Worrall . 2007. “The Strategic Limitations of a Middle East Client State by the Mid-1950s: Britain, Libya, and the Suez Crisis.” Journal of Strategic Studies 30(2): 309–47.

Andrew Yeo . 2009. “Not in Anyone's Backyard: The Emergence and Identity of a Transnational Anti-Base Network.” International Studies Quarterly 53(3): 571–94.

Andrew Yeo . 2011. Activists, Alliances, and Anti-US Base Protests. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Perspectives on Politics
  • ISSN: 1537-5927
  • EISSN: 1541-0986
  • URL: /core/journals/perspectives-on-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×