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Implicit Bias and Philosophy (vol.1 & 2), Edited by Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul , Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 640, £60 ISBN: 9780298713241

  • Sean Hermanson
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1 E.g. (1:2); (2:18).

2 An attempted replication by Darolia et al. using surnames failed to find any significant differences in callbacks across race and gender, though once again what went through the minds of prospective employers is unknown. See Darolia, R., Koedel, C., Martorell, P., Wilson, K., and Perez-Arce, F. (2016), ‘Race and gender effects on employer interest in job applicants: new evidence from a resume field experiment’, Applied Economics Letters 23(12): 853–56.

3 Jussim, L. (2015). ‘Précis of social perception and social reality: Why accuracy dominates bias and self-fulfilling prophecy’, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 166 .

4 Despite Goldin and Rouse's (1997; 2000) care in noting the limitations of their study, philosophers continue to replicate this post hoc fallacy (e.g. 1: 166; 1: 248).

5 Peters, D. P. and Ceci, S. J. (1982). ‘Peer-review practices of psychological journals: The fate of published articles, submitted again’, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5(2): 187–95.

6 Budden, A. E., Tregenza, T., Aarssen, L. W., Koricheva, J., Leimu, R., and Lortie, C. J. (2008). ‘Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors’, Trends in ecology & evolution 23(1), 46 . Also cited uncritically by Lee (1:268).

7 M. Clarke, (2008) ‘No Demonstrated Gender Bias in Double-Blind Peer Review’, Peer to Peer (blog) Nature, June 5.

8 For an amusing account of their famous study, and the backlash against the researchers, see:

9 Correll, J., Park, B., Judd, C. M., and Wittenbrink, B. (2002). ‘The police officer's dilemma: using ethnicity to disambiguate potentially threatening individuals’, Journal of personality and social psychology 83(6): 1314–29.

10 Correll, J., Park, B., Judd, C. M., Judd, C. M., Wittenbrink, B., Sadler, M. S., and Keesee, T. (2007). ‘Across the thin blue line: Police officers and racial bias in decisions to shoot’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 92: 1006–23.

12 Mekawi, Y., and Bresin, K. (2015). ‘Is the evidence from racial bias shooting task studies a smoking gun? Results from a meta-analysis’, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 61, 120–30.

13 James, L., James, S. M., and Vila, B. J. (2016). ‘The Reverse Racism Effect’, Criminology & Public Policy 15(2): 457–79.

14 Mullainathan, S (2015). ‘Police killings of Blacks: Here is what the data have to say’, New York Times (Oct. 16).

15 Fryer Jr, R. G. (2016). ‘An empirical analysis of racial differences in police use of force’ (No. w22399). National Bureau of Economic Research.

21 Head, M. L., Holman, L., Lanfear, R., Kahn, A. T., and Jennions, M. D. (2015). ‘The extent and consequences of p-hacking in science’, PLoS Biol 13(3), e1002106 .

22 Franco, A., Malhotra, N., and Simonovits, G. (2014). ‘Publication bias in the social sciences: Unlocking the file drawer’, Science 345(6203): 1502–5.

23 Pashler, H., & Wagenmakers, E. J. (2012). ‘Editors’ introduction to the special section on replicability in psychological science a crisis of confidence’, Perspectives on Psychological Science 7(6): 528–30.

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