Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 16
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Arduin, Pierre-Emmanuel Negre, Elsa and Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille 2016. 2016 International Conference on Industrial Informatics and Computer Systems (CIICS). p. 1.

    Hermkes, Rico 2016. Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology.

    Wang, Chao-shih and Van Fleet, David D. 2016. Reconceptualizing the US strategic food safety system. British Food Journal, Vol. 118, Issue. 5, p. 1208.

    Andersson, Joacim and Östman, Leif 2015. A Transactional Way of Analysing the Learning of ‘Tacit Knowledge’. Interchange, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 271.

    Arduin, Pierre-Emmanuel 2015. 2015 IEEE 19th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD). p. 42.

    Negre, Elsa Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille and Gasco, Mila 2015. 2015 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. p. 2317.

    Negre, Elsa and Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille 2015. Handbook of Research on Social, Economic, and Environmental Sustainability in the Development of Smart Cities.

    2015. Information and Knowledge System.

    Arduin, Pierre-Emmanuel Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille and Grundstein, Michel 2014. Information Systems for Knowledge Management.

    Arduin, Pierre-Emmanuel Mayag, Brice Negre, Elsa and Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille 2014. How to compromise on the best price? A group tacit knowledge-based multicriteria approach. Journal of Decision Systems, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 99.

    Grandinetti, Roberto 2014. The explicit dimension: what we could not learn from Polanyi. The Learning Organization, Vol. 21, Issue. 5, p. 333.

    Maitlis, Sally and Christianson, Marlys 2014. Sensemaking in Organizations: Taking Stock and Moving Forward. The Academy of Management Annals, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 57.

    2014. Sustainability Science.

    Arduin, Pierre-Emmanuel Grundstein, Michel Negre, Elsa and Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille 2013. IEEE 7th International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS). p. 1.

    Lund, Anna 2013. Staging gender: the articulation of tacit gender dimensions in drama classes in a Swedish context. Gender and Education, Vol. 25, Issue. 7, p. 907.

    Hildrum, Jarle Moss 2009. Sharing Tacit Knowledge Online: A Case Study of e-Learning in Cisco's Network of System Integrator Partner Firms. Industry & Innovation, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 197.


Sense-Giving and Sense-Reading

  • Michael Polanyi (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2009

I propose to enquire here into the way we endow our speech with meaning and into the way by which we make sense of speech that we hear spoken. I shall show that, notwithstanding their informal character, these acts possess a characteristic pattern, a pattern that I shall call the structure of tacit knowing; I shall show that to form such a structure is to create meaning. Both the way we endow our own utterances with meaning and our attribution of meaning to the utterances of others are acts of tacit knowing. They represent sense-giving and sense-reading with in the structure of tacit knowing. My enquiry shall outline the total structure of language, comprising both its formal patterns successfully established by modern linguistics and its informal semantic structure, studied so far mainly by philosophy.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. R. Baker , Fourn. Roy. Microscopic Society, Vol. 82, 1963, pp. 145157.

Michael Polanyi , ‘The Creative Imagination’, Chemical and Engineering News, Vol. 44, 1966, pp. 8593.

G. M. Stratton Psychological Rev. 4 (1897), pp. 341360, 463481

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0031-8191
  • EISSN: 1469-817X
  • URL: /core/journals/philosophy
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *