Ahmed, Zaheer Tetlow, Ian J. Falk, Duane E. Liu, Qiang and Emes, Michael J. 2016. Resistant Starch Content Is Related to Granule Size in Barley. Cereal Chemistry Journal, Vol. 93, Issue. 6, p. 618.
Bean, Scott and Ioerger, Brian P. 2015. Applied Food Protein Chemistry.
Dhital, Sushil Butardo, Vito M. Jobling, Stephen A. and Gidley, Michael J. 2015. Rice starch granule amylolysis – Differentiating effects of particle size, morphology, thermal properties and crystalline polymorph. Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 115, p. 305.
ZHENG, Ke JIANG, Qian-tao WEI, Long ZHANG, Xiao-wei MA, Jian CHEN, Guo-yue WEI, Yu-ming Jennifer, Mitchell Fetch LU, Zhen-xiang and ZHENG, You-liang 2015. Characterization of starch morphology, composition, physicochemical properties and gene expressions in oat. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, Vol. 14, Issue. 1, p. 20.
Beckles, Diane M. and Thitisaksakul, Maysaya 2014. How environmental stress affects starch composition and functionality in cereal endosperm. Starch - Stärke, Vol. 66, Issue. 1-2, p. 58.
Tanackovic, V. Svensson, J. T. Jensen, S. L. Buleon, A. and Blennow, A. 2014. The deposition and characterization of starch in Brachypodium distachyon. Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 65, Issue. 18, p. 5179.
Chimbombi, Ezekiel Moreira, Rosana G. Castell-Perez, Elena M. and Puerta-Gomez, Alex F. 2013. Assessing accumulation (growth and internal mobility) of Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 in fresh-cut cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.) for optimization of decontamination strategies. Food Control, Vol. 32, Issue. 2, p. 574.
Salazar-García, Domingo C. Power, Robert C. Sanchis Serra, Alfred Villaverde, Valentín Walker, Michael J. and Henry, Amanda G. 2013. Neanderthal diets in central and southeastern Mediterranean Iberia. Quaternary International, Vol. 318, p. 3.
Chen, Jiang Zhang, Junjie Liu, Hanmei Hu, Yufeng and Huang, Yubi 2012. RETRACTED: Molecular strategies in manipulation of the starch synthesis pathway for improving storage starch content in plants (review and prospect for increasing storage starch synthesis). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Vol. 61, p. 1.
Thitisaksakul, Maysaya Jiménez, Randi C. Arias, Maria C. and Beckles, Diane M. 2012. Effects of environmental factors on cereal starch biosynthesis and composition. Journal of Cereal Science, Vol. 56, Issue. 1, p. 67.
Frère, Céline H. Prentis, Peter J. Gilding, Edward K. Mudge, Agnieszka M. Cruickshank, Alan Godwin, Ian D. and Amdam, Gro V. 2011. Lack of Low Frequency Variants Masks Patterns of Non-Neutral Evolution following Domestication. PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, Issue. 8, p. e23041.
Malory, Sylvia Shapter, Frances M. Elphinstone, Martin S. Chivers, Ian H. and Henry, Robert J. 2011. Characterizing homologues of crop domestication genes in poorly described wild relatives by high-throughput sequencing of whole genomes. Plant Biotechnology Journal, Vol. 9, Issue. 9, p. 1131.
Torres, Fernando G. Troncoso, Omar P. Díaz, Diego A. and Amaya, Evelin 2011. Morphological and thermal characterization of native starches from Andean crops. Starch - Stärke, Vol. 63, Issue. 6, p. 381.
Henry, Robert J. Rice, Nicole Waters, Daniel L. E. Kasem, Shabana Ishikawa, Ryuji Hao, Yin Dillon, Sally Crayn, Darren Wing, Rod and Vaughan, Duncan 2010. Australian Oryza: Utility and Conservation. Rice, Vol. 3, Issue. 4, p. 235.
Matsushima, R. Maekawa, M. Fujita, N. and Sakamoto, W. 2010. A Rapid, Direct Observation Method to Isolate Mutants with Defects in Starch Grain Morphology in Rice. Plant and Cell Physiology, Vol. 51, Issue. 5, p. 728.
Yun, M.-S. and Kawagoe, Y. 2010. Septum Formation in Amyloplasts Produces Compound Granules in the Rice Endosperm and is Regulated by Plastid Division Proteins. Plant and Cell Physiology, Vol. 51, Issue. 9, p. 1469.
Shapter, F. M. Dawes, M. P. Lee, L. S. and Henry, R. J. 2009. Aleurone and subaleurone morphology in native Australian wild cereal relatives. Australian Journal of Botany, Vol. 57, Issue. 8, p. 688.
Shapter, F.M. Eggler, P. Lee, L.S. and Henry, R.J. 2009. Variation in Granule Bound Starch Synthase I (GBSSI) loci amongst Australian wild cereal relatives (Poaceae). Journal of Cereal Science, Vol. 49, Issue. 1, p. 4.
Australia's native grass species contain a diverse array of wild cereal relatives which are adapted to a broader range of environmental conditions than current commercial cereals and may contain novel alleles which have utility in commercial production systems. Characterizing the available variation in endosperm morphology is one of the first steps towards in planta manipulation of endosperm by either the introgression of novel alleles or bioengineering cereal starch and protein. The endosperm of 19 crop wild relatives (CWR) was examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Mature caryopses were fixed, dehydrated, critical-point dried and then snap fractured transversely through the grain. Wild relatives exhibited similar types of starch granules to that of their respective cultivated species, though in general the wild species retained a greater proportion of the endosperm cell wall at maturity. The two species examined with no closely related cultivated species exhibited a rice-like endosperm. Wild sorghum relatives exhibited an abundance of endosperm variations described as variations in starch granule size, shape and surface morphology, and the distribution of protein bodies. This is particularly important because the grain of Sorghum bicolor has inherently low starch and protein digestibility. These variations within the wild relatives of commercial cereals may provide novel sources of genetic diversity for future grain improvement programmes.
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