Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Identification of Aegilops species with higher production of phytosiderophore and iron and zinc uptake under micronutrient-sufficient and -deficient conditions

  • Kumari Neelam (a1), Vijay K. Tiwari (a1), Nidhi Rawat (a1), Sangharsh K. Tripathi (a2), Gursharn S. Randhawa (a1) and Harcharan S. Dhaliwal (a1)...
Abstract

Graminaceous plants including staple cereals secrete certain phytosiderophores (PS) in calcareous soils with lower iron and zinc availability to enhance their uptake and translocation to the leaves and grains. A few Triticum aestivum cultivars and accessions of six Aegilops species were investigated for release of PS in vitro under iron- and zinc-sufficient and -deficient conditions, and for root and shoot iron and zinc concentrations. All the Aegilops species had three to four times higher release of PS than the wheat cultivars under both nutrient-sufficient and -deficient conditions. The maximum rate of increase of PS was observed on days 11 and 14 under iron- and zinc-deficient conditions, respectively, which levelled off rapidly among the wheat cultivars and continued to be high among Aegilops species till the end of the experiment. The absolute amount of iron and zinc expressed on dry weight basis after 18 d under iron- and zinc-deficient conditions showed nearly three times higher concentration in both roots and shoots of Aegilops species than that of the wheat cultivars. A significantly high correlation between concentrations of iron (r = 0.94) and zinc (r = 0.91) in roots and the PS released was found. The higher grain iron and zinc contents in the Aegilops species reported earlier may be attributed to their diverse and efficient mechanism(s) for PS-mediated micronutrient uptake and translocation system, which could be exploited for biofortification of wheat.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. E-mail:  hsdhaliwal07@gmail.com; hsdhafbs@iitr.ernet.in
References
Hide All
Bouis, HE (2007) The potential of genetically modified food crops to improve human nutrition in developing countries. Journal of Development Studies 43: 7996.
Cakmak, I (2002) Plant nutrition research: priorities to meet human needs for food in sustainable ways. Plant Soil 247: 324.
Cakmak, I, Gulut, KY, Marschner, H and Graham, RD (1994) Effect of zinc and iron deficiency on phytosiderophore release in wheat genotypes differing in zinc efficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition 17: 117.
Cakmak, I, Yilmaz, A, Ekiz, H, Torun, B, Erenoglu, B and Braun, HJ (1996) Zinc deficiency as a critical nutritional problem in wheat production in Central Anatolia. Plant Soil 80: 165172.
Chhuneja, P, Dhaliwal, HS, Bains, NS and Singh, K (2006) Aegilops kotschyi and Ae. tauschii are the sources for high grain iron and zinc. Plant Breeding 125: 13.
Demment, WM, Young, MM and Sensenig, RL (2003) Providing micronutrients through food-based solutions: a key to human and national development. Journal of Nutrition 133: 38793885.
Distelfeld, A, Cakmak, I, Peleg, Z, Ozturk, L, Yazici, AM, Budak, H, Saranga, Y and Fahima, T (2007) Multiple QTL-effects of wheat Gpc-B1 locus on grain protein and micronutrient concentrations. Plant Physiology 129: 635643.
Friebe, B, Jiang, J, Raupp, WJ, McIntosh, RA and Gill, BS (1996) Characterization of wheat-alien translocations conferring resistance to diseases and pests: current status. Euphytica 91: 5987.
Graham, RD and Rengel, Z (1993) Genotypic variation in zinc uptake and utilization by plants. In: Robson, AD (ed.) Zinc in Soils and Plants. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 107118.
Graham, RD and Welch, RM (1996) Breeding for staple-food crops with high micronutrients density. Agricultural strategies for micronutrients. Working Paper No. 3. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Graham, RD, Senadhira, D, Beebe, S, Iglesias, C and Monasterio, I (1999) Breeding for micronutrient density in edible portions of staple food crops: conventional approaches. Field Crops Research 60: 5780.
Gries, D, Klatt, S, Crowley, DE and Parker, DR (1995) Phytosiderophore release in relation to micronutrient metal deficiencies in barley. Plant Soil 172: 299308.
Higuchi, K, Suzuki, K, Nakanishi, H, Yamaguchi, H, Nishizawa, NK and Mori, S (1999) Cloning of nicotianamine synthase genes, novel genes involved in the biosynthesis of phytosiderophores. Plant Physiology 119: 471479.
Higuchi, K, Watanabe, S, Takahashi, M, Kawasaki, S, Nakanishi, H, Nishizawa, NK and Mori, S (2001) Nicotianamine synthase gene expression differs in barley and rice under Fe-deficient conditions. The Plant Journal 25: 159167.
Holtz, C and Brown, KH (2004) Assessment of the risk of zinc deficiency in populations and options for its control. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 25: 91204.
Kanazawa, K, Higuchi, K, Nishizawa, NK, Fushiya, S and Mori, S (1995) Detection of two distinct isozymes of nicotianamine aminotransferase in Fe-deficient barley roots. Journal of Experimental Botany 46: 12411244.
Kobayashi, T, Suzuki, M, Inoue, H, Itai, RN, Takahashi, M, Nakanishi, H, Satoshi, S and Nishizawa, NK (2005) Expression of iron-acquisition-related genes in iron-deficient rice is co-ordinately induced by partially conserved iron-deficiency-responsive elements. Journal of Experimental Botany 56: 13051316.
Kobayashi, T, Nakanishi, H, Takahashi, M, Mori, S and Nishizawa, N (2008) Generation and field trials of transgenic rice tolerant to iron deficiency. Rice 1: 144153.
Kuraparthy, V, Sood, S, Chhuneja, P, Dhaliwal, HS, Kaur, S, Bowden, RL and Gill, BS (2007a) A cryptic wheat – Aegilops triuncialis translocation with leaf rust resistance gene Lr58. Crop Science 47: 19.
Kuraparthy, V, Chhuneja, P, Dhaliwal, HS, Kaur, S, Bowden, RL and Gill, BS (2007b) Characterization and mapping of cryptic alien introgression from Aegilops geniculata with new leaf rust and stripe rust resistance genes Lr57 and Yr40 in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 114: 13791389.
Ma, JF and Nomoto, K (1993) Two related biosynthetic pathways for mugineic acids in gramineous plants. Plant Physiology 102: 373378.
Ma, JF and Nomoto, K (1994) Biosynthetic pathway of 3-epihydroxymugineic acid and 3-hydroxymugineic acid in gramineous plants. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 40: 311317.
Ma, JF, Taketa, S, Chang, YC, Iwashita, T, Matsumoto, H, Takeda, K and Nomoto, K (1999) Genes controlling hydroxylations of phytosiderophores are located on different chromosomes in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Planta 207: 590596.
Marschner, H, Römheld, V and Kissel, M (1986) Different strategies in higher plants in mobilization and uptake of iron. Journal of Plant Nutrition 9: 695713.
Masuda, H, Suzuki, M, Morikawa, KC, Kobayashi, T, Nakanishi, H, Takahashi, M, Saigusa, M, Satoshi, M and Nishizawa, NK (2008) Increase in iron and zinc concentrations in rice grains via the introduction of barley genes involved in phytosiderophore synthesis. Rice 1: 100108.
Monasterio, I and Graham, RD (2000) Breeding for trace minerals in wheat. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 21: 392396.
Mori, S and Nishizawa, N (1987) Methionine as a dominant precursor of phytosiderophores in Graminaceae plants. Plant and Cell Physiology 28: 10811092.
Mori, S, Nishizawa, N and Fujigaki, K (1990) Identification of rye chromosome 5R as a carrier of the genes for mugineic acid and related compounds. Japanese Journal of Genetics 102: 373378.
Mori, S, Nishizawa, N, Hayashi, H, Chino, M, Yoshimura, E and Ishihara, J (1991) Why young rice plants highly susceptible to iron deficiency? In: Chen, Y and Hadar, Y (eds) Iron Nutrition and Interaction in Plants, pp. 175188.
Poletti, S, Gruissem, W and Sautter, C (2004) The nutritional fortification of cereals. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 15: 162165.
Rawat, N, Tiwari, VK, Singh, N, Randhawa, GS, Singh, K, Chhuneja, P and Dhaliwal, HS (2009) Evaluation and utilization of Aegilops and wild Triticum species for enhancing iron and zinc content in wheat. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 56: 5364.
Rengel, Z and Graham, RD (1996) Uptake of zinc from chelate-buffered nutrient solutions by wheat genotypes differing in zinc efficiency. Journal of Experimental Botany 47: 217226.
Römheld, V and Marschner, H (1990) Genotypical differences among graminaceous species in release of phytosiderophores and uptake of iron phytosiderophores. Plant Soil 123: 147153.
Schlegel, R, Cakmak, I, Torun, B, Eker, S, Tolay, I, Ekiz, H, Kalayci, M and Braun, HJ (1998) Screening for zinc efficiency among wheat relatives and their utilisation for alien gene transfer. Euphytica 100: 281286.
Singh, K, Chino, M, Nishizawa, NK, Ohata, T and Mori, S (1993) Genotypic variation among Indian graminaceous species with respect to phytosiderophore secretion. In: Randall, RJ, Delhaize, E, Richarads, RA and Munns, R (eds) Genetic Aspect of Plant Mineral Nutrition. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 335339.
Takagi, S (1976) Naturally occurring iron-chelating compounds in oat- and rice-root washings. I. Activity measurement and preliminary characterization. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 22: 423433.
Tiwari, VK, Rawat, N, Neelam, K, Randhawa, GS, Singh, K, Chhuneja, P and Dhaliwal, HS (2008) Development of T. turgidum ssp. durum – Aegilops longissima amphiploids with high iron and zinc content through unreduced gamete formation in F1 hybrids. Genome 51: 757766.
Tolay, I, Erenoglu, B, Römheld, V, Braun, HJ and Cakmak, I (2001) Phytosiderophores release in Aegilops tauschii and Triticum species under zinc and iron deficiency. Journal of Experimental Botany 52: 10931099.
Ueno, D and Ma, FJ (2009) Secretion time of phytosiderophore differs in two perennial grasses and is controlled by temperature. Plant Soil doi 10.1007/s11104-009-9962-8.
Welch, RM and Graham, RD (2004) Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 353364.
White, PJ and Broadley, MR (2005) Biofortifying crops with essential mineral elements. Trends in Plant Science 10: 586593.
Yousfi, M, Wissal, M, Mahmoudi, H, Abdelly, C and Gharsalli, M (2007) Effect of salt on physiological responses of barley to iron deficiency. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 45: 309314.
Zarcinas, BA, Cartwright, B and Spouncer, LR (1987) Nitric acid digestion and multielemental analysis of plant material by inductively coupled plasma spectrometry. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 18: 131146.
Zhang, F, Römheld, V and Marschner, H (1989) Effect of zinc deficiency in wheat on the release of zinc and iron mobilizing exudates. Zeitschriftfur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde 152: 205210.
Zvi, P, Saranga, Y, Yazici, A, Fahima, T, Ozturk, L and Cakmak, I (2008) Grain zinc, iron and protein concentrations and zinc-efficiency in wild emmer wheat under contrasting irrigation regimes. Plant Soil 306: 5767.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Plant Genetic Resources
  • ISSN: 1479-2621
  • EISSN: 1479-263X
  • URL: /core/journals/plant-genetic-resources
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 11 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 150 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.